§ 1.482-1(f)(2)(iii)(E)Example 4.

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(i) USP, a U.S. corporation, manufactures product Y in the United States and sells it to FSub, which acts as USP’s exclusive distributor of product Y in Country N. The resale price method described in § 1.482-3(c) is used to evaluate whether the transfer price charged by USP to FSub for the 1994 taxable year for product Y was arm’s length. For the period 1992 through 1994, FSub had a gross profit margin for each year of 13%. A, B, C and D are uncontrolled distributors of products that compete directly with product Y in country N. After making appropriate adjustments in accordance with §§ 1.482-1(d)(2) and 1.482-3(c), the gross profit margins for A, B, C, and D are as follows:

1992 1993 1994 Average
A 13 3 8 8.00
B 11 13 2 8.67
7C 4 7 13 8.00
7D 7 9 6 7.33

(ii) Applying the provisions of § 1.482-1(e), the district director determines that the arm’s length range of the average gross profit margins is between 7.33 and 8.67. The district director concludes that FSub’s average gross margin of 13% is not within the arm’s length range, despite the fact that C’s gross profit margin for 1994 was also 13%, since the economic conditions that caused S’s result did not have a comparable effect over a comparable period of time on the results of C or the other uncontrolled comparables. In this case, the district director makes an allocation equivalent to adjusting FSub’s gross profit margin for 1994 from 13% to the mean of the uncontrolled comparables’ results for 1994 (7.25%).

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