If there are material differences between the controlled and uncontrolled transactions that would affect the gross profit margin, adjustments should be made to the gross profit margin earned with respect to the uncontrolled transaction according to the comparability provisions of § 1.482-1(d)(2). For this purpose, consideration of operating expenses associated with functions performed and risks assumed may be necessary, because differences in functions performed are often reflected in operating expenses. If there are differences in functions performed, however, the effect on gross profit of such differences is not necessarily equal to the differences in the amount of related operating expenses. Specific examples of the factors that may be particularly relevant to this method include –
(1) Inventory levels and turnover rates, and corresponding risks, including any price protection programs offered by the manufacturer;
(2) Contractual terms (e.g., scope and terms of warranties provided, sales or purchase volume, credit terms, transport terms);
(3) Sales, marketing, advertising programs and services, (including promotional programs, rebates, and co-op advertising);
(4) The level of the market (e.g., wholesale, retail, etc.); and
(5) Foreign currency risks.