Tag: Bank opinion

The South African Revenue Service (SARS) issues Arm's Length Guidance on Intra-Group Loans

The South African Revenue Service (SARS) issues Arm’s Length Guidance on Intra-Group Loans

17 January 2023 the South African Revenue Service (SARS) released an interpretation note (IN 127) titled “DETERMINATION OF THE TAXABLE INCOME OF CERTAIN PERSONS FROM INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS: INTRA-GROUP LOANS” which provides guidance on how SARS will determine arm’s length pricing for intra-group loans. The Note also provides guidance on the consequences for a taxpayer if the amount of debt, the cost of debt or both are not arm’s length. According to the note an intra-group loan would be incorrectly priced if the amount of debt funding, the cost of the debt or both are excessive compared to what is arm’s length. Legal-IN-127-Determination-of-the-taxable-income-of-certain-persons-from-international-transactions-Intra-group-loans ... Read more
Poland vs "Shopping Centre Developer sp.k.", June 2022, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 3050/19

Poland vs “Shopping Centre Developer sp.k.”, June 2022, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 3050/19

A Polish company, “Shopping Centre Lender sp.k.”, had been granted three intra group loans in FY 2013 for a maximum amount of EUR 2 million, EUR 115 million and EUR 43.5 million. The interest rate on the loans had been set at 9%. The tax authorities found that the 9% interest rate was higher than the arm’s length rate, and issued an assessment where the interest rate had been lowered to 3.667%, resulting in lower interest expenses and thus additional taxable income. “Shopping Centre Lender sp.k.” filed an appeal with the Administrative Court claiming that the procedure for estimating income – determining the arm’s length interest rate – had not been conducted correctly by the tax authority. In a judgement issued in May 2019 (no. III SA/Wa 1777/18) the Administrative Court issued a judgement in favour of the company. An appeal was then filed by the tax authorities with the Supreme Administrative Court. Judgement of the Supreme Administrative Court The ... Read more
South African Revenue Service releases comprehensive Interpretation Note on intra-group loans

South African Revenue Service releases comprehensive Interpretation Note on intra-group loans

The South African Revenue Service (SARS) has published a comprehensive Interpretation Note on intra-group loans. The note provides taxpayers with guidance on the application of the arm’s length principle in the context of the pricing of intra-group loans. The pricing of intra-group loans includes a consideration of both the amount of debt and the cost of the debt. An intra-group loan would be incorrectly priced if the amount of debt funding, the cost of the debt or both are excessive compared to what is arm’s length. The Note also provides guidance on the consequences for a taxpayer if the amount of debt, the cost of debt or both are not arm’s length. The guidance and examples provided are not an exhaustive consideration of every issue that might arise. Each case will be decided on its own merits taking into account its specific facts and circumstances. The application of the arm’s length principle is inherently of a detailed factual nature and ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter X paragraph 10.108

Such an approach would represent a departure from an arm’s length approach based on comparability since it is not based on comparison of actual transactions. Furthermore, it is also important to bear in mind the fact that such letters do not constitute an actual offer to lend. Before proceeding to make a loan, a commercial lender will undertake the relevant due diligence and approval processes that would precede a formal loan offer. Such letters would not therefore generally be regarded as providing evidence of arm’s length terms and conditions ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter X paragraph 10.107

In some circumstances taxpayers may seek to evidence the arm’s length rate of interest on an intra-group loan by producing written opinions from independent banks, sometimes referred to as a “bankability” opinion, stating what interest rate the bank would apply were it to make a comparable loan to that particular enterprise ... Read more
Portugal vs "M Fastfood S.A", April 2021, Tribunal Central Administrativo Sul, Case No 1331/09

Portugal vs “M Fastfood S.A”, April 2021, Tribunal Central Administrativo Sul, Case No 1331/09

“M Fastfood S.A” was incorporated as a subsidiary company of an entity not resident in Portuguese territory, M Inc., a company with registered office in the United States. “M Fastfood S.A” had obtained financing from M Inc. for investment in its commercial activity, which resulted in indebtedness totalling EUR 74,000,000.00. The activity of “M Fastfood S.A” is “the opening, assembling, promotion, management, administration, purchase, sale, rental, leasing and cession of exploration of restaurants, for which purpose it may acquire or grant licenses or sub-licenses and enter into franchise contracts. It also includes the purchase, sale, rental, administration and ownership of urban buildings and the acquisition, transfer, exploitation and licensing of copyrights, trademarks, patents and industrial and commercial secrets and, in general, any industrial property rights”. “M Fastfood S.A” was in a situation of excessive indebtedness towards that entity, in light of the average equity capital presented by it in 2004, on 27 January 2005 it submitted a request to the ... Read more

TPG2020 Chapter X paragraph 10.108

Such an approach would represent a departure from an arm’s length approach based on comparability since it is not based on comparison of actual transactions. Furthermore, it is also important to bear in mind the fact that such letters do not constitute an actual offer to lend. Before proceeding to make a loan, a commercial lender will undertake the relevant due diligence and approval processes that would precede a formal loan offer. Such letters would not therefore generally be regarded as providing evidence of arm’s length terms and conditions ... Read more

TPG2020 Chapter X paragraph 10.107

In some circumstances taxpayers may seek to evidence the arm’s length rate of interest on an intra-group loan by producing written opinions from independent banks, sometimes referred to as a “bankability” opinion, stating what interest rate the bank would apply were it to make a comparable loan to that particular enterprise ... Read more
Poland vs "Shopping Centre Developer sp.k.", May 2019, Administrative Court, Case No III SA/Wa 1777/18

Poland vs “Shopping Centre Developer sp.k.”, May 2019, Administrative Court, Case No III SA/Wa 1777/18

A Polish company, “Shopping Centre Lender sp.k.”, had been granted three intra group loans in FY 2013 for EUR 2 million, EUR 115 million and EUR 43.5 million. The interest rate on the loans had been set at 9%. The tax authorities found that the 9% interest rate was higher than the arm’s length rate and carried out its own analysis on the basis of the comparative data from 66 transactions. In addition, data posted on the internet on the website of the National Bank of Poland was consulted. The summary showed that in the aforementioned period, the average interest rates applied by Polish financial institutions for loans granted to enterprises in EUR ranged from 2.4% to 3.6%. Furthermore, by letters in April 2017 the tax authorities requested information from domestic financial institutions regarding the interest rates and commission rates for loans granted to commercial companies in the period from June 2013 to September 2014. The information received showed that ... Read more