Tag: Effective place of management

Netherlands vs. Swiss Corp, November 2019, Rechtbank Noord-Nederland, Case No. 2019:1492

Netherlands vs. Swiss Corp, November 2019, Rechtbank Noord-Nederland, Case No. 2019:1492

For the purpose of determining whether a Swiss Corporation had effektivly been managed from the Netherlands or had a permanent establishment in the Netherlands, the Dutch tax authorities send a request for information. The Swiss Corp was not willing to answere the request and argued that the request was disproportionate and that the concepts of “documents concerning decision-making with regard to important decisions” and “e-mail files” was and did not fit into the powers that an inspector has under Article 47 of the AWR. The court ruled in favor of the tax authorities. The court did not find the tax authorities’ request for information disproportionate. Article 47 of the Awr requires the provision of factual information and information that may be relevant to taxation with respect to the taxpayer (cf. Supreme Court October 20, 2017, ECLI: NL: HR: 2017: 2654). In the opinion of the court, the defendant remained within those limits with his request to claimant to provide access ... Continue to full case
Italy vs Agusta Holding BV, May 2019, Supreme Court, Case No 14527/2019

Italy vs Agusta Holding BV, May 2019, Supreme Court, Case No 14527/2019

A Dutch company, Agusta Holding BV, submitted a request regarding the reimbursement of withholding tax paid in Italy by its Italian subsidiary on dividends distributed for the fiscal year 2001. The request was initially accepted and the withholding tax paid back. But after an audit, the reimbursement was then challenged. The tax authorities found that Agusta Holding BV had been incorporated in the Netherlands only to benefit from the favourable fiscal dividend regime provided by the Italian-Netherland double tax treaty and from the Dutch tax regime concerning the exemption of dividends from taxable income. Agusta Holding BV appealed the decision of the tax office before the Provincial Tax Court which ruled in favor of Augusta Holding BV as the deadline to ask for the reimbursement of the withholding tax back had expired at the time of the audit conducted by local tax office. The local tax office appealed this decision before the Regional Tax Court. The Regional Tax Court overturned ... Continue to full case
Switzerland vs. Y Holding AG, May 2013, Federal Supreme Court, Case No. 2C_1086/2012

Switzerland vs. Y Holding AG, May 2013, Federal Supreme Court, Case No. 2C_1086/2012

A finance company registered in Guernsey was found to have effective place of management in Switzerland due to lack of functional substance in Guernsey. The Swiss Federal Supreme Court stated that the effective place of management is to be distinguished from the activity of the Board of Directors and the General Assembly and from mere administrative activity, such as accounting. Thus, the effective place of management of a company is where the company has its economic center. Management of the ongoing business in the context of the purpose of the company is decisive, including the decisions made in relation to the core business. According to the Federal Supreme Court, the only business of X Ltd was forwarding the start-up capital provided by Y Holding AG in the form of loans to Group companies. X Ltd activities in Guernsey were of a purely administrative nature, and in the exclusive interest of Y Holding AG. The decisions on the respective lending activities ... Continue to full case
South Africa vs. Tradehold Ltd, May 2012, Supreme Court of Appeal, Case No. 132/11

South Africa vs. Tradehold Ltd, May 2012, Supreme Court of Appeal, Case No. 132/11

Tradehold is an investment holding company, incorporated in South Africa, with its registered office at 36 Stellenberg Road, Parow, Industria, and is listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. During the tax year under consideration, being the year of assessment ended 28 February 2003, Tradehold’s only relevant asset was its 100 per cent shareholding in Tradegro Holdings which, in turn, owned 100 per cent of the shares in Tradegro Limited, a company incorporated in Guernsey which owned approximately 65 per cent of the issued share capital in the UK-based company, Brown & Jackson plc. On 2 July 2002, at a meeting of Tradehold’s board of directors in Luxembourg, it was resolved that all further board meetings would be held in that country. This had the effect that, as from 2 July 2002, Tradehold became effectively managed in Luxembourg. It nevertheless remained a ‘resident’ in the Republic notwithstanding the relocation of the seat of its effective management to Luxembourg by reason of ... Continue to full case