Tag: Employee stock options

An opportunity for employees to purchase stock (shares) in the company they work for, often at a discount from fair market value. Generally it is provided as an incentive to stay with the employer until the options vest.

UK vs NCL Investments Ltd, March 2022, UK Supreme Court, Case No [2022] UKSC 9

UK vs NCL Investments Ltd, March 2022, UK Supreme Court, Case No [2022] UKSC 9

The companies NCL Investments Ltd and Smith & Williamson Corporate Services Ltd (the Companies) had granted its employees stock options to acquire shares in the ultimate holding company, Smith & Williamson Holdings Limited (SWHL). The companies employ staff and make those staff available to other companies in the group in return for a fee. That fee is based on the costs that the companies incur in employing the staff, marked up with a profit element. The Companies claimed deductions in the computation taxable profits. The tax authorities accepted that IFRS2 required the Companies to recognise an expense in their income statements equal to the fair value of the options, but held that the debits were inapt to affect the profits of the Companies for corporation tax purposes. These transactions were treated by IFRS2 as a capital contribution (benefit) granted by SWHL to the Companies. The Debits did not represent any cost to the Companies, nor did they anticipate or reflect ... Read more
US vs Altera Corp, June 2020, Supreme Court - review denied, Case no 19-1009

US vs Altera Corp, June 2020, Supreme Court – review denied, Case no 19-1009

Altera’s request for a Supreme Court review of the decision issued by the US Court of Appeal in June 2019 has been denied. A case cannot, as a matter of right, be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. A party seeking to appeal to the Supreme Court from a lower court decision must file a writ of certiorari. If a court grants the writ of certiorari, then that court will hear that case. However, if four Justices do not agree to review the case, the Court will not hear the case. This is defined as denying certiorari. Altera’s request for Supreme Court review of the decision issued by the Court of Appeal. Altera Reply 19-1009 Cert Reply Brief The Commissioner of Internal Revenue’s response to Alteras request Internal revenue brief for respondent in opposition 19-1009 Altera Corp. Opp ... Read more

Altera asking the US Supreme Court for a judicial review of the 2019 Decision from the U.S. Court of Appeals concerning the validity of IRS regs. on CCAs

Altera has asked the US Supreme Court for a judicial review of the Decision from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit over the validity of Internal Revenue Service regulations  that requires related companies to share the cost of stock-based employee compensation when shifting their intangible assets abroad applying US Cost Sharing regulations. In the decision a divided panel in the Court of Appeal upheld the regulation as “permissible” and therefore entitled to deference under Chevron, U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 467 U.S. 837 (1984). In the Petition Altera presents three questions: 1. Whether the Treasury Department’s regulation is arbitrary and capricious and thus invalid under the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 551 et seq. 2. Whether, under SEC v. Chenery Corp., 332 U.S. 194 (1947), the regulation may be upheld on a rationale the agency never advanced during rulemaking. 3. Whether a procedurally defective regulation may be upheld under Chevron on the ground that ... Read more
US vs Altera Corp, June 7, 2019, US Court of Appeal, Nos 16-70496 and 16-70497

US vs Altera Corp, June 7, 2019, US Court of Appeal, Nos 16-70496 and 16-70497

The US Court of Appeal had reversed a decision from the Tax Court that 26 C.F.R. § 1.482-7A(d)(2), under which related entities must share the cost of employee stock compensation in order for their cost-sharing arrangements to be classified as qualified cost-sharing arrangements and thus avoid an IRS adjustment, was invalid under the Administrative Procedure Act. The Court of Appeal ruled that the Commissioner of Internal Revenue had not gone beyond the authority delegated under 26 U.S.C. § 482, and that the Commissioner’s rule-making authority complied with the Administrative Procedure Act. The Opinion was shortly after (August 7, 2018) withdrawn by the Court of Appeal. A final Decision was issued June 7, 2019, reaching the conclusion that 26 C.F.R. § 1.482-7A(d)(2), under which related entities must share the cost of employee stock compensation in order for their cost-sharing arrangements to be classified as qualified cost-sharing arrangements and thus avoid an IRS adjustment, was not (arbitrary and capricious) invalid under the ... Read more
US vs Altera Corp, July 2018, US Court of Appeal, Nos 16-704996

US vs Altera Corp, July 2018, US Court of Appeal, Nos 16-704996

The US Court of Appeal reversed a decision from the Tax Court that 26 C.F.R. § 1.482-7A(d)(2), under which related entities must share the cost of employee stock compensation in order for their cost-sharing arrangements to be classified as qualified cost-sharing arrangements and thus avoid an IRS adjustment, was invalid under the Administrative Procedure Act. The Court of Appeal ruled that the Commissioner of Internal Revenue had not gone beyond the authority delegated under 26 U.S.C. § 482, and that the Commissioner’s rule-making authority complied with the Administrative Procedure Act. The Opinion was shortly after (August 7, 2018) withdrawn by the Court of Appeal – see below. A new Decision was issued June 7, 2019 US-vs-Altera-16-70496 The Annulment issued August 7, 2018: US-vs-Altera-16-70496-Withdrawn ... Read more
Spain vs Dell, June 2016, Supreme Court, Case No. 1475/2016

Spain vs Dell, June 2016, Supreme Court, Case No. 1475/2016

Dell Spain is part of a multinational group (Dell) that manufactures and sells computers. Dell Ireland, operates as distribution hub for most of Europe. Dell Ireland has appointed related entities to operate as its commissionaires in several countries; Dell Spain and Dell France are part of this commissionaire network. The group operates through a direct sales model and sales to private customers in Spain are conducted by Dell France, through a call centre and a web page. Dell Spain use to operate as a full-fledged distributor, but after entering into a commissionaire agreement Dell Spain now served large customers on behalf of Dell Ireland. A tax assessment was issued by the tax authorities. According to the assessment the activities in Spain constituted a Permanent Establishment of Dell Ireland to which profits had to allocated for FY 2001-2003. Judgement of the Supreme Court The Supreme Court concludes that the activities of Dell Spain constitutes a Permanent Establishment of Dell Ireland under ... Read more
US vs Seagate Technology, December 2000, United States Tax Court

US vs Seagate Technology, December 2000, United States Tax Court

The IRS ruled that Seagate should have included the cost of employee stock options in the net revenue calculation associated with its cost-sharing agreement with its foreign subsidiaries. Seagate appealed the ruling on the grounds that the IRS was not aware of actual arm’s length circumstances relating to the employee stock option compensation. In this case, the United States Tax Court found in favor of the IRS. US-Seagate_decision_12222000 ... Read more