Tag: Functional analysis

A functional analysis is an analysis of the functions performed (taking into account assets used and risks assumed) by associated enterprises in controlled transactions and by independent enterprises in comparable uncontrolled transactions.

India vs. Gap International Sourcing Pvt. Ltd., May 2016, ITA No.1077/Del./2016

India vs. Gap International Sourcing Pvt. Ltd., May 2016, ITA No.1077/Del./2016

Gap International Sourcing was engaged in sourcing products from India to other group companies. The activity comprised of assistance in identification of vendors, provision of assistance to vendors in procurement of apparel, inspection and quality control and coordination with vendors to ensure delivery of goods to group companies. The necessary technical and intellectual basis for provision of these services were provided by the group companies. The Indian company used TNMM to benchmark the service fee at full cost plus 15%. The tax administration disregarded the functional profile and characterisation of Gap International Sourcing by assuming that the functional profile was substantially higher than those of limited risk support service providers. The tax administration found that a cost plus form of remuneration did not take into account substantial intangible assets owned by the taxpayer. Intangibles were identified to be human asset intangibles, supply chain intangibles and location savings. Based on above, the tax administration set the arm’s length remuneration at a ... Continue to full case
India vs. Quark Systems Pvt. Ltd. Oct 2014, ITA No.282

India vs. Quark Systems Pvt. Ltd. Oct 2014, ITA No.282

Quark Systems Pvt. is engaged in providing customer support services on behalf of the Quark Group. TNMM had been applied as the most appropriate method for determining arm’s length income. In an audit, the tax administration rejected one of the companies selected as a comparable on the basis that it was in a start-up and had losses for consecutive years. Quark Systems argued that once functional comparability is established, the comparable should not be rejected on grounds such as start-up phase. Quark also argued for rejection of a high-margin comparable on the basis that the company had significant controlled transactions. The Appellate Tribunal upheld the need for a proper functional analysis of the tested party and the comparables in determination of ALP and objected to the selection of comparables merely on the basis of business classification provided in the database. The case was returned to the tax administration India vs Quark Systems Pvt Ltd No 1 2012 ... Continue to full case