Tag: Group insurance

TPG2022 Chapter X paragraph 10.201

Insurance requires the assumption of insurance risk by the insurer. In the event of a claim, the insured does not suffer the financial impact of a potential economic loss to the extent that insurance risk has been assumed by the insurer, because the loss is offset by the insurance payment ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter X paragraph 10.200

In order to consider the transfer pricing implications of a transaction with a captive insurance, it is first necessary to identify the commercial or financial relations between the associated enterprises and the conditions and economically relevant circumstances attaching to those relations in order that the actual transaction is accurately delineated. The initial question will therefore be whether the transaction under consideration is one of insurance, as defined above. This analysis requires consideration of whether the risk has been assumed by the insurer and whether risk diversification has been achieved ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter X paragraph 10.199

A frequent concern when considering the transfer pricing of captive insurance transactions is whether the transaction concerned is genuinely one of insurance, i.e. whether a risk exists and, if so, whether it is allocated to the captive insurance in light of the facts and circumstances. The following are indicators, all or substantially all of which would be found if the captive insurance was found to undertake a genuine insurance business: there is diversification and pooling of risk in the captive insurance; the economic capital position of the entities within the MNE group has improved as a result of diversification and there is therefore a real economic impact for the MNE group as a whole; both the captive insurance and any reinsurer are regulated entities with broadly similar regulatory regimes and regulators that require evidence of risk assumption and appropriate capital levels; the insured risk would otherwise be insurable outside the MNE group; the captive insurance has the requisite skills, including ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter X paragraph 10.198

Captive insurances may be self-managed from within the MNE group, or managed by an unrelated service provider (often a division of a large insurance broker). Typically this management would include ensuring compliance with local law, issuing policy documents, collecting premiums, paying claims, preparing reports and providing local directors. If the captive insurance is managed from within the MNE group it is necessary to determine which entity manages it (if such management is not exercised by employees of the captive insurance) and to appropriately reward that management ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter X paragraph 10.192

Captive insurances may be subject to regulation in the same way as other insurance and reinsurance companies. The precise requirements of insurance regulation will vary from one jurisdiction to the next but typically include certain actuarial, accounting and capital requirements. While insurance regulation is intended to protect policyholders, local regulators may impose a lighter regulatory regime where the captive insurance provides insurance exclusively to members of the MNE group ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter X paragraph 10.190

In this guidance, the term captive insurance is intended to refer to an insurance undertaking or entity substantially all of whose insurance business is to provide insurance policies for risks of entities of the MNE group to which it belongs ... Read more