Tag: intra-group loans

UK vs Blackrock, November 2020, First-tier Tribunal, Case No TC07920

UK vs Blackrock, November 2020, First-tier Tribunal, Case No TC07920

In 2009 the BlackRock Group acquired Barclays Global Investors for a total sum of $13,5bn . The price was paid in part by shares ($6.9bn) and in part by cash ($6.6bn). The cash payment was paid by BlackRock Holdco 5 LLC – a US Delaware Company tax resident in the UK – but funded by the parent company by issuing $4bn loan notes to the LLC. In the years following the acquisition Blackrock Holdco 5 LLC claimed tax deductions in the UK for interest payments on the intra-group loans. Following an audit in the UK the tax authorities disallowed the interest deductions. The tax authorities held that the transaction would not have happened between independent parties. They also found that the loans were entered into for an unallowable tax avoidance purpose. A UK taxpayer can be denied a deduction for interest where a loan has an unallowable purpose i.e, where a tax advantage is the company’s main purpose for entering ... Continue to full case
New TPG Chapter X on Financial Transactions (and additions to TPG Chapter I) released by OECD

New TPG Chapter X on Financial Transactions (and additions to TPG Chapter I) released by OECD

Today, the OECD has released the report Transfer Pricing Guidance on Financial Transactions. The guidance in the report describes the transfer pricing aspects of financial transactions and includes a number of examples to illustrate the principles discussed in the report. Section B provides guidance on the application of the principles contained in Section D.1 of Chapter I of the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines to financial transactions. In particular, Section B.1 of this report elaborates on how the accurate delineation analysis under Chapter I applies to the capital structure of an MNE within an MNE group. It also clarifies that the guidance included in that section does not prevent countries from implementing approaches to address capital structure and interest deductibility under their domestic legislation. Section B.2 outlines the economically relevant characteristics that inform the analysis of the terms and conditions of financial transactions. Sections C, D and E address specific issues related to the pricing of financial transactions (e.g. treasury functions, ... Continue to full case
Poland vs Cash Pool B sp z.o.o., November 2019, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 3798/17

Poland vs Cash Pool B sp z.o.o., November 2019, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 3798/17

At issue in this case was whether a deposit in a cash pool constituted a loan. According to the company, cash transfers made as part of cash pooling cannot be considered a loan agreement because they do not contain elements that are material to the content of such contracts. In 2018 the provincial court issued a decision stating that a cash pool deposit constituted the granting of a loan irrespective of lacking written contracts. This decision was then appealed to the Supreme Administrative Court by the company. From the decision of the Supreme Administrative Court From an economic point of view, the financial system presented in the application involves the granting of loans because, as a result of financing the negative balance shown by the contractual participant by a surplus of funds accumulated by other participants, the participant is not obliged to pay interest to the bank for his debit an invoice that would have arisen if the shortcoming had ... Continue to full case
Peru vs. Telefonica, July 2019, Supreme Court, Case No 11111-2016, Lima

Peru vs. Telefonica, July 2019, Supreme Court, Case No 11111-2016, Lima

Telefónica brought before the Supreme Court of Peru the following issues related to a long lasting dispute with SUNAT – the Peruvian tax authorities: 1: Financial Charges – Carve Out 2: Withdrawal of assets of majority shareholder Telefónica del Perú S.A.A. 3: Depreciation of fixed assets transferred 4: Tax deduction for “Overhead” 5: Provision for doubtful debt collection The Supreme Court agreed with the tax authorities on issues 1 and 4 (carve out financial charges, related to the way in which they were financed; and the overhead tax deduction, which the tax authorities considered to be an incorrect application of accounting standards). The remaining three issues are still awaiting final determination. Click here for English Translation Click here for other Translations New1 Corte Suprema de Justicia de la República ... Continue to full case
Poland vs L S.A, June 2019, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No. II FSK 1808/17 - Wyrok NSA

Poland vs L S.A, June 2019, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No. II FSK 1808/17 – Wyrok NSA

A Polish subsidiary in a German Group had taken out a significant inter-company loan resulting in a significantly reduced income due to interest deductions. At issue was application of the Polish arm’s length provisions and the arm’s length nature of the interest rate on the loan. The tax authorities had issued an assessment where the interest rate on the loans had been adjusted and the taxable income increased. On that basis, a complaint was filed by the company to the Administrative Court. The administrative court rejected the complaint and ruled in favor of the tax authorities. An appeal was then brought before the Supreme Administrative Court. The Supreme Administrative Court rejected the appeal, although it did not share some of the conclusions and statements of the Court of first instance. The key issue in the case was to determine is whether the provisions of Art. 11 (Containing the Polish arm’s length provisions), allowing the authority to determine the income of ... Continue to full case
Belgium vs Fortum Project Finance, May 2019, Court of Appeal in Antwerp, Case No F.16.0053.N

Belgium vs Fortum Project Finance, May 2019, Court of Appeal in Antwerp, Case No F.16.0053.N

Fortum Project Finance (Fortum PF’) is a Belgian company, founded in 2008 by Fortum OYI, a Finnish company, and Fortum Holding bv, a Dutch company. The establishment of Fortum PF was part of an acquisition that the Finnish company Fortum OYI, through its Swedish subsidiary Fortum 1AB, had in mind in Russia. However, the financing of this Russian acquisition did not go directly through Sweden but through Fortum PF in Belgium. Two virtually identical loan contracts were drawn up simultaneously on 19 March 2008. First, Fortum OYI granted credit facilities of EUR 3,000,000,000 to Fortum PF and with a second loan, Fortum PF ‘passed on’ the same amount to Fortum 1AB of Sweden. The funds, intended for the acquisition in Russia, did not pass through Belgium but went directly to Russia. 10 days later, capital increases were made to Fortum PF, with the Finnish company Fortum OYI contributing part of its loan to Fortum PF. In this way, a total ... Continue to full case
Poland vs Lender S.A, October 2013, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 2297/11 - Wyrok NSA

Poland vs Lender S.A, October 2013, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 2297/11 – Wyrok NSA

At issue in this case is the choice of method for determening interest rates on an intra group loan – More precisely whether or not internal comparables existed that were in fact independent. It is also discussed whether a intra group loan is comparable to a bank loan or not. Click here for translation II FSK 2297-11 - Wyrok ... Continue to full case
Argentina vs Compañía Ericsson S.A.C.I., August 2007, Tribunal Fiscal de la Nación, Case No 15/8/2007

Argentina vs Compañía Ericsson S.A.C.I., August 2007, Tribunal Fiscal de la Nación, Case No 15/8/2007

Compañía Ericsson S.A.C.I had received a loan from Ericsson Treasury Services AB – based in Sweden for an amount of $12,000,000. The interest rate had been set at 8,80% The tax authorities considered that the loan had not been agreed at arm’s length – referring to lack of implementation of the loan, the lack of authorization by the board of directors and the lack of guarantee and collateral, taking into account the considerable amount and high level of indebtedness of the company. Decision of the Tax Court The Court ruled in favour of the taxpayer. Agreements between related entities may not be covered by the formal requirements that would be observed between independent parties. Between related parties “the terms of a transaction may arise from correspondence and communications between the parties, rather than from a contract”. “In the present case, observation of the conduct of the entities involved in the transaction does not allow the inference to be drawn that ... Continue to full case