Derivative financial instrument consisting of a firm agreement granting one party the right but not the obligation to buy or sell commodities, securities or currencies at a specified future date at a specified price.
/ Cayman Islands, Deemed international transaction, Delineation - Substance over Form, India, Netherlands, Options, Shares and Dividends, Tax Avoidance Schemes, Termination of option
The 2018 Vodafone case from India – whether termination of option rights under an agreement can be treated as a “deemed international transaction” under section 92B(2) of the Income Tax Act. Vodafone India Services had a call option to buy shares in SMMS Investment Pvt Ltd — which held 5.11% equity capital of the Vodafone India through a web of holdings for 2.78 crore if the fair market value of these shares was less than 1,500 crore. If the fair market value was higher, it had to pay a little more. Under the same agreement, if Vodafone India Services terminated its right to acquire the share, the company would have to pay Rs 21.25 crore. Instead of exercising the call option and acquiring the valuable shares at a very low price, Vodafone India Service terminated the option and paid 21.25 crore. The tax administration held that the Vodafone India Service should have received a substantial consideration for not exercising the ... Continue to full case
/ Commercial reality, Financial Transactions, General Anti-Avoidance Rules (GAAR), New Zealand, Non-Recognition and Recharacterisation, Options, Shares and Dividends, Tax Avoidance Schemes, Tax schemes, Zero-coupon bond
In 2003 Alesco NZ bought two other companies in New Zealand. Its Australian owner, Alesco Corporation, funded the acquisitions by advancing the purchase amount of $78 million. In consideration Alesco NZ issued a series of optional convertible notes (OCNs or notes). The notes were non-interest bearing for a fixed term and on maturity the holder was entitled to exercise an option to convert the notes into shares. Between 2003 and 2008 Alesco NZ claimed deductions for amounts treated as interest liabilities on the notes in accordance with relevant accounting standards and a determination issued by the Commissioner against its liability to taxation in New Zealand. In the High Court Heath the Commissioner’s treatment of the OCN funding structure as a tax avoidance arrangement under section BG 1 of the Income Tax Act of 1994 and the Income Tax Act of 2004 was upheld. NewZealand-vs-Alesco-New-Zealand-Ltd-March-2013 ... Continue to full case