Tag: Panama

Pandora Papers - a new leak of financial records

Pandora Papers – a new leak of financial records

A new huge leak of financial records revealed by ICIJ, once again shows widespread use of offshore accounts, shell companies and trusts to hide wealth and/or avoid taxes. The new leak is known as the Pandora Papers and follows other recent leaks – lux leak, panama papers, paradise papers. The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists obtained 11.9 million confidential documents from 14 separate legal and financial services firms, which the group said offered “a sweeping look at an industry that helps the world’s ultrawealthy, powerful government officials and other elites conceal trillions of dollars from tax authorities, prosecutors and others.” “The key players in the system include elite institutions – multinational banks, law firms and accounting practices – headquartered in the U.S. and Europe.” The Consortium said the 2.94 terabytes of financial and legal data shows the “offshore money machine operates in every corner of the planet, including the world’s largest democracies,” and involves some of the world’s most well-known ... Read more
Uncovering Low Tax Jurisdictions and Conduit Jurisdictions

Uncovering Low Tax Jurisdictions and Conduit Jurisdictions

By Javier Garcia-Bernardo, Jan Fichtner, Frank W. Takes, & Eelke M. Heemskerk Multinational corporations use highly complex structures of parents and subsidiaries to organize their operations and ownership. Offshore Financial Centers (OFCs) facilitate these structures through low taxation and lenient regulation, but are increasingly under scrutiny, for instance for enabling tax avoidance. Therefore, the identifcation of OFC jurisdictions has become a politicized and contested issue. We introduce a novel data-driven approach for identifying OFCs based on the global corporate ownership network, in which over 98 million firms (nodes) are connected through 71 million ownership relations. This granular firm-level network data uniquely allows identifying both sink-OFCs and conduit-OFCs. Sink-OFCs attract and retain foreign capital while conduit-OFCs are attractive intermediate destinations in the routing of international investments and enable the transfer of capital without taxation. We identify 24 sink-OFCs. In addition, a small set of countries – the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Singapore and Switzerland – canalize the majority of corporate ... Read more
Japan vs Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., October 2006, Takamatsu High Court, Case No. 17

Japan vs Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., October 2006, Takamatsu High Court, Case No. 17

Imabari Shipbuilding Co.Ltd., was a Japanese shipbuilding company constructing ships for an affiliate company located in Panama, Panama S.A. The Japanese tax authorities found that prices used in transactions between Imabari Co. and Panama S.A. had not been at arm’s length. A tax assessment was therefore issued where the pricing was based on the comparable uncontrolled pricing method (CUP). Imabari disagreed with the assessement and filed an appeal. At trial, the Takamatsu High Court rejected Imabari’s claim and held that the tax authority’s analysis could be limited to the factors that significantly affected the price, and that not all differences were required to be considered in the calculation of the arm’s length price. A final appeal to the Supreme Court was dismissed 14 April 2007. Click here for English translation Shipbuilding-Oct-2006-034729_hanrei ... Read more