Tag: Platts quotes

Norway vs Equinor Energy AS, August 2022, Court of Appeal, Case No LB-2021-126759

Norway vs Equinor Energy AS, August 2022, Court of Appeal, Case No LB-2021-126759

The case concerned pricing of the wet gas in FY 2012-2014 sold between Equinor Energy (subsidiary) and Equinor ASA (parent). The intra-group sales from Equinor Energy to Equinor were regulated by an internal agreement that was entered into as part of the transfer of rights in 2009. The income that Equinor Energy receives from the internal sales is subject to section 5 of the Petroleum Tax Act with a special tax that comes in addition to the general income tax. This means that Equinor Energy had a total tax burden of 78%. Equinor, for its part, is charged with ordinary income tax, which was 27/28%. In 2012 the pricing model was changed rom the so-called “OTS price model” to a “dividend model”, which led to the price (and taxable income in Equinor Energy) being reduced compared to the previously used pricing model. The reason stated by the group for this change was that Equinor Energy had later entered into an agreement ... Read more
Ukrain vs PrJSC "Poltava GZK", June 2022, Supreme Court, Case No 440/1053/19

Ukrain vs PrJSC “Poltava GZK”, June 2022, Supreme Court, Case No 440/1053/19

Poltova GZK is a Ukrainian subsidiary of the Ferrexpo group – the world’s third largest exporter of iron ore pellets. In FY 2015 the iron ore mined in Ukraine by Poltava GZK was sold to other companies in the group – Ferrexpo Middle East FZE, and the transfer prices for the ore was determined by application of the CUP method using Platts quotations. However, according to the tax authorities Poltava GZK used Platts quotations for pellets with a lower iron content when pricing the higher quality pellets, resulting in non arm’s length prices for the controlled transactions and lower profits in the Ukraine subsidiary. The tax authorities also found that Poltava GZK had overestimated the cost of freight – in the case of actual transportation of pellets by ships of different classes (“Panamax”, “Capesize”), the adjustment of the delivery conditions was carried out only at the maximum rate. On that basis an assessment was issued. Not satisfied with the assessment ... Read more
Russia vs RIF Trading House, April 2019, Moscow City Court, Case No. No. A40-241020/18

Russia vs RIF Trading House, April 2019, Moscow City Court, Case No. No. A40-241020/18

In 2014, RIF Trading House sourced and bought agricultural products in Russia – wheat, barley, corn and peas. These products were then exported to a trader in the UAE, which turned out to be related to RIF Trading House. However, RIF Trading House had not provide information on the relationship, nor the required transfer pricing documentation on the controlled transactions. Following an audit, the Russian Federal Tax Service came to the conclusion that the export prices had been lowered in the supply of products to the trader in UAE. The Russian Federal Tax Service independently conducted a transfer pricing analysis – functional analysis, analyzed the market, commodity exchange prices (Platts, ICAR) etc., and then issued a tax assessment where combinations of pricing methods and adjustments had been applied to determine the pricing of the controlled transactions and thus the income of RIF Trading House. Disagreeing with the assessment RIF Trading House brought the case to Court. The court ruled in ... Read more
Russia vs Lesprom Forestry Company, May 2017, Appeal Court, Case No. A29-7607/2016

Russia vs Lesprom Forestry Company, May 2017, Appeal Court, Case No. A29-7607/2016

Lesprom Forestry Company had sold sand and construction services to a related party, Road Company LLC. The tax authority concluded that the Company had created a tax avoidance scheme aimed at artificially underestimating the income on transactions with Road Company LLC. The price for sand and construction work was revised and tax liabilities on income tax and VAT recalculated. Determining the arm’s length price of sand An official website of the Federal State Statistics Service posted information on the average prices of manufacturers of industrial goods… [however] this statistical information does not contain the physical characteristics of the product and the terms for its sale. Therefore this information could not be used. The minimum and maximum gross margin amounted to: 14.25 and 27.04 in 2012, 2.39 and 6.57 in 2013, and 3.04 and 25.58 in 2014. The gross profitability received by Road Company LLC in 2013-2014, was significantly above the arm’s length range of gross margins, 51.87% and 73.55%, respectively.” ... Read more
Russia vs ZAO NK Dulisma, January 2017, Court of Appeal, Case No. А40-123426/2016

Russia vs ZAO NK Dulisma, January 2017, Court of Appeal, Case No. А40-123426/2016

In 2012, ZAO NK Dulisma, a Russian oil and gas company, sold crude oil via an unrelated Hong Kong-based trader. In Russia, transactions with unrelated parties may be deemed controlled transactions for Transfer Pricing purposes, provided certain conditions are met. The Russian Tax Authorities audited the transactions with the Hong Kong trader and found that the price had been understated. The arm’s length price was determined using a CUP method, based on data from Platts quote for Dubai grade oil, adjusted for quality and terms of delivery etc. The court ruled in favor of the tax authorities, confirming that the application of the CUP method and the use of Platts data was justified. Click here for translation A40-123426-2016 ... Read more