Tag: Quoted price

Ukrain vs PrJSC "Poltava GZK", June 2022, Supreme Court, Case No 440/1053/19

Ukrain vs PrJSC “Poltava GZK”, June 2022, Supreme Court, Case No 440/1053/19

Poltova GZK is a Ukrainian subsidiary of the Ferrexpo group – the world’s third largest exporter of iron ore pellets. In FY 2015 the iron ore mined in Ukraine by Poltava GZK was sold to other companies in the group – Ferrexpo Middle East FZE, and the transfer prices for the ore was determined by application of the CUP method using Platts quotations. However, according to the tax authorities Poltava GZK used Platts quotations for pellets with a lower iron content when pricing the higher quality pellets, resulting in non arm’s length prices for the controlled transactions and lower profits in the Ukraine subsidiary. The tax authorities also found that Poltava GZK had overestimated the cost of freight – in the case of actual transportation of pellets by ships of different classes (“Panamax”, “Capesize”), the adjustment of the delivery conditions was carried out only at the maximum rate. On that basis an assessment was issued. Not satisfied with the assessment ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter II paragraph 2.22

A particularly relevant factor for commodity transactions determined by reference to the quoted price is the pricing date, which refers to the specific time, date or time period (e.g. a specified range of dates over which an average price is determined) selected by the parties to determine the price for commodity transactions. Where the taxpayer can provide reliable evidence of the pricing date agreed by the associated enterprises in the controlled commodity transaction at the time the transaction was entered into (e.g. proposals and acceptances, contracts or registered contracts, or other documents setting out the terms of the arrangements may constitute reliable evidence) and this is consistent with the actual conduct of the parties or with other facts of the case, in accordance with the guidance in Section D of Chapter I on accurately delineating the actual transaction, tax administrations should determine the price for the commodity transaction by reference to the pricing date agreed by the associated enterprises. If ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter II paragraph 2.19

Under the CUP method, the arm’s length price for commodity transactions may be determined by reference to comparable uncontrolled transactions and by reference to comparable uncontrolled arrangements represented by the quoted price. Quoted commodity prices generally reflect the agreement between independent buyers and sellers in the market on the price for a specific type and amount of commodity, traded under specific conditions at a certain point in time. A relevant factor in determining the appropriateness of using the quoted price for a specific commodity is the extent to which the quoted price is widely and routinely used in the ordinary course of business in the industry to negotiate prices for uncontrolled transactions comparable to the controlled transaction. Accordingly, depending on the facts and circumstances of each case, quoted prices can be considered as a reference for pricing commodity transactions between associated enterprises. Taxpayers and tax administrations should be consistent in their application of the appropriately selected quoted price ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter II paragraph 2.18

Subject to the guidance in paragraph 2.2 for selecting the most appropriate transfer pricing method in the circumstances of a particular case, the CUP method would generally be an appropriate transfer pricing method for establishing the arm’s length price for the transfer of commodities between associated enterprises. The reference to “commodities” shall be understood to encompass physical products for which a quoted price is used as a reference by independent parties in the industry to set prices in uncontrolled transactions. The term “quoted price” refers to the price of the commodity in the relevant period obtained in an international or domestic commodity exchange market. In this context, a quoted price also includes prices obtained from recognised and transparent price reporting or statistical agencies, or from governmental price-setting agencies, where such indexes are used as a reference by unrelated parties to determine prices in transactions between them ... Read more
Colombia vs Carbones El Tesoro S.A., September 2021, Administrative Court, Case No. 22352

Colombia vs Carbones El Tesoro S.A., September 2021, Administrative Court, Case No. 22352

At issue is the selection of the most appropriate transfer pricing method for sale of coal mined by Carbones El Tesoro S.A. in Colombia to its related party abroad, Glencore International AG. Carbones El Tesoro S.A. had determined the transfer price by application of the TNMM method. The tax authorities found that the most appropriate method for pricing the transactions was the CUP method. To that end, the tax authorities applied a database (McCloskey price list) in which the price, was determined by referring to a good similar to that traded (thermal coal) and to the Btus (British Thermal Unit) thereof. On 29 April 2011, the Settlement Management Division of the Barranquilla Regional Tax Directorate issued an assessment by which it modified the income tax return for the taxable year 2007, in the sense of disregarding as a net loss for the year the amount of $30. 509.961.000 and imposed a penalty for inaccuracy of $16.597.418.784, based on the questioning ... Read more

TPG2017 Chapter II paragraph 2.22

A particularly relevant factor for commodity transactions determined by reference to the quoted price is the pricing date, which refers to the specific time, date or time period (e.g. a specified range of dates over which an average price is determined) selected by the parties to determine the price for commodity transactions. Where the taxpayer can provide reliable evidence of the pricing date agreed by the associated enterprises in the controlled commodity transaction at the time the transaction was entered into (e.g. proposals and acceptances, contracts or registered contracts, or other documents setting out the terms of the arrangements may constitute reliable evidence) and this is consistent with the actual conduct of the parties or with other facts of the case, in accordance with the guidance in Section D of Chapter I on accurately delineating the actual transaction, tax administrations should determine the price for the commodity transaction by reference to the pricing date agreed by the associated enterprises. If ... Read more

TPG2017 Chapter II paragraph 2.19

Under the CUP method, the arm’s length price for commodity transactions may be determined by reference to comparable uncontrolled transactions and by reference to comparable uncontrolled arrangements represented by the quoted price. Quoted commodity prices generally reflect the agreement between independent buyers and sellers in the market on the price for a specific type and amount of commodity, traded under specific conditions at a certain point in time. A relevant factor in determining the appropriateness of using the quoted price for a specific commodity is the extent to which the quoted price is widely and routinely used in the ordinary course of business in the industry to negotiate prices for uncontrolled transactions comparable to the controlled transaction. Accordingly, depending on the facts and circumstances of each case, quoted prices can be considered as a reference for pricing commodity transactions between associated enterprises. Taxpayers and tax administrations should be consistent in their application of the appropriately selected quoted price ... Read more

TPG2017 Chapter II paragraph 2.18

Subject to the guidance in paragraph 2.2 for selecting the most appropriate transfer pricing method in the circumstances of a particular case, the CUP method would generally be an appropriate transfer pricing method for establishing the arm’s length price for the transfer of commodities between associated enterprises. The reference to “commodities” shall be understood to encompass physical products for which a quoted price is used as a reference by independent parties in the industry to set prices in uncontrolled transactions. The term “quoted price” refers to the price of the commodity in the relevant period obtained in an international or domestic commodity exchange market. In this context, a quoted price also includes prices obtained from recognised and transparent price reporting or statistical agencies, or from governmental price-setting agencies, where such indexes are used as a reference by unrelated parties to determine prices in transactions between them ... Read more
Russia vs Lesprom Forestry Company, May 2017, Appeal Court, Case No. A29-7607/2016

Russia vs Lesprom Forestry Company, May 2017, Appeal Court, Case No. A29-7607/2016

Lesprom Forestry Company had sold sand and construction services to a related party, Road Company LLC. The tax authority concluded that the Company had created a tax avoidance scheme aimed at artificially underestimating the income on transactions with Road Company LLC. The price for sand and construction work was revised and tax liabilities on income tax and VAT recalculated. Determining the arm’s length price of sand An official website of the Federal State Statistics Service posted information on the average prices of manufacturers of industrial goods… [however] this statistical information does not contain the physical characteristics of the product and the terms for its sale. Therefore this information could not be used. The minimum and maximum gross margin amounted to: 14.25 and 27.04 in 2012, 2.39 and 6.57 in 2013, and 3.04 and 25.58 in 2014. The gross profitability received by Road Company LLC in 2013-2014, was significantly above the arm’s length range of gross margins, 51.87% and 73.55%, respectively.” ... Read more
Ecuador vs JFC Ecuador S.A., November 2014, National Court, Case No. 488-2012

Ecuador vs JFC Ecuador S.A., November 2014, National Court, Case No. 488-2012

JFC Ecuador is active in coordination and logistic operations for the transfer of Ecuadorian fruit to related parties in the Russian JFC Group. Following an audit the tax authorities issued an assessment where the prices of these transactions had been determined based on quoted prices issued by the authorities in the SOPISCO NEWS database. However, according to JFC Ecuador, SOPISCO NEWS does not correspond to a publicly available international trade exchange or price database. On the contrary, it is a bulletin that lists quotations that involve price estimates, established through unidentified sources. The price quotations listed by SOPISCO NEWS correspond to prices that the bulletin presumes were agreed upon by companies that have carried out the management and marketing and sales for the placement of the product, while JFC Ecuador did not carry out such activities. Judgment of the Court The Court concludes that the use of the SOPISCO NEWS database by the Tax Administration, as it is an internationally ... Read more