Tag: Return On Sale (ROS)

Italy vs Burckert Contromatic Italiana S.p.A., November 2021, Corte di Cassazione, Sez. 5 Num. 1417 Anno 2022

Italy vs Burckert Contromatic Italiana S.p.A., November 2021, Corte di Cassazione, Sez. 5 Num. 1417 Anno 2022

Burkert Contromatic Italiana s.p.a. is engaged in sale and services of fluid control systems. The italian company is a subsidiary of the German Bürkert Group. Following a tax audit, the Italian tax authorities issued a notice of assessment for FY 2007 on the grounds that the cost resulting from the transactions with its parent company (incorporated under Swiss law) were higher than the arms length price of these transactions. The company challenged the tax assessment, arguing that the analysis carried out by the Office had been superficial, both because it had examined accounting documents relating to tax years other than the one under examination (2007), and because the Office, in confirming that the Transactional Net Margin Method (TNMM) was the most reliable method, in order to verify whether the margin obtained by the company corresponded to the arm’s length value, had carried out a comparability analysis (aimed at identifying the net remuneration margin obtained by independent third parties in similar ... Read more
Spain vs BIOMERIEUX ESPAÑA SA, February 2021, National Court, Case No 2021:416

Spain vs BIOMERIEUX ESPAÑA SA, February 2021, National Court, Case No 2021:416

BIOMERIEUX ESPAÑA SA is active in the business of clinical and biological analysis, production, distribution, training and technical assistance. Likewise, the provision of computer services and, in particular, the computer management of laboratories. Following an audit the tax authorities found that the controlled prices agreed for the acquisition of instruments and consumables between bioMérieux España and its related entities, bioMérieux SA and bioMérieux Inc, did not provided bioMérieux España with an arm’s length return on is controlled activities. A tax assessment was issued for FY 2008 on the basis af a thorough critical analysis of the benchmark study provided by the BIOMERIEUX, and detailed reasoning and analysis in regards to comparability and market developments. Judgement of the National Court The Audiencia Nacional dismissed the appeal of Biomerieux España SA and decided in favour of the tax authorities. Excerpts “As we already reasoned in our SAN (2nd) of 6 March 2019 (Rec. 353/2015 ), it is legitimate to resort to what ... Read more
Spain vs Ikea, March 2019, Audiencia Nacional, Case No SAN 1072/2019

Spain vs Ikea, March 2019, Audiencia Nacional, Case No SAN 1072/2019

The tax administration had issued an adjustment to the taxable profit of IKEA’s subsidiary in Spain considering that taxable profit in years 2007, 2008, and 2009 had not been determined in accordance with the arm’s length principle. In 2007 taxable profits had been below the interquartile range and in 2008 and 2009 taxable profits had been within the interquartile range but below the median. In all years taxable profits had been adjusted to the median in the benchmark study. Judgement of the Court In regards to the adjustment mechanism – benchmark study, interquartile range, median – the Court provide the following reasoning “However, the OECD Guidelines in point 3.60 provide that “if the relevant terms of the controlled transaction (e.g. price or margin) are within the arm’s length range, no adjustment is necessary”. Conversely, under rule 3.61, if the relevant terms of the controlled transaction “(e.g., price or margin) are outside the arm’s length range determined by the tax administration, ... Read more
Italy vs T. SpA, January 2019, Regional Tax Commission, Case No 25/01/2019 n. 376/3

Italy vs T. SpA, January 2019, Regional Tax Commission, Case No 25/01/2019 n. 376/3

It is up to the Tax Administration to prove the existence of transactions between related companies with clear discrepancies compared to transactions of the same kind on an independent market, while the taxpayer bears the burden of proving that the transactions took place for market values to be considered normal. This is the division of the burden of proof at the basis of the decision of the Milan Regional Tax Commission (CTR) rejecting the appeal lodged by the Tax Revenue Office. The taxpayer, in the case in question, has in fact fulfilled its burden by describing and documenting in the records that the functions and organization chart of the German subsidiary were such as to give an exhaustive account of the peculiarities of the latter and of the reliability of the CUP method (Comparable Uncontrolled Price Method) used. On the contrary, however, the comparables used by the Revenue Office to prove the validity of its assessment were incorrect because they ... Read more
Italy vs N. S.P.A., June 2018, Regional Tax Commission, Case No 07/06/2018 n. 2629/24

Italy vs N. S.P.A., June 2018, Regional Tax Commission, Case No 07/06/2018 n. 2629/24

N. S.P.A. was issued a notice of assessment in regards of transfer pricing. The PLI initially taken into consideration by the tax authorities was the return on sales (ROS). The company observed that, since the uniform application of such a PLI to the amount of all revenues was not possible, it was necessary to take into consideration only the revenues deriving from intra-group transactions. At this point, the tax authorities, instead of simply requesting the income statement for these transactions, proceeded to the assessment on the basis of a completely different PLI, the ROA (return on assets: operating profit to total assets). An appeal was filed by N. S.P.A with the Provincial Tax Commission and in a judgement issued in 2015 the commission concluded that the tax authorities had failed to comply with its duty of fairness and that it had used a different method in the assessment without exploring the possibility of correcting the initial objection, thus completely nullifying ... Read more