Tag: Shareholder loan

Austria vs C-Group, March 2022, Bundesfinanzgericht, Case No RV/7102553/2021

Austria vs C-Group, March 2022, Bundesfinanzgericht, Case No RV/7102553/2021

C is the parent company of the C-group which is involved in the construction business. C is part of a joint venture and for the expansion of these activities a framework agreement on shareholder loans was concluded. Under the agreement two shareholder loans were granted: ***loan*** II totalling 212,935,716.33 euros and ***loan*** III totalling 446,000,000 euros. At issue is whether (***loan*** II and ***loan*** III) are to be regarded as hidden equity capital or debt capital. In regards of loan II a binding ruling had previously been issued stating that the loan was hidden equity. C took the position that both loan II and loan III were to be treated for tax purposes as equity capital. Following an audit the tax authorities assessed both shareholder loans as debt capital and added interest income to the taxable income of C. In regards of the binding ruling previously issued, the authorities stated that the underlying facts had changed to such an extend ... Read more
Germany vs "G-Corp GmbH", June 2021, Bundesfinanzhof, Case No I R 32/17

Germany vs “G-Corp GmbH”, June 2021, Bundesfinanzhof, Case No I R 32/17

A German corporation,”G Corp” held interests in domestic and foreign companies in the year in dispute (2005). G Corp granted loans to various subordinate companies – resident in France and the USA. These loans were mainly at fixed interest rates; instead of a fixed interest rate, an annual participation of 12.5% in the balance sheet profit of the subordinate company, limited to a maximum amount of 25% of the loan volume, was agreed as consideration for one loan. No collateral was provided. In the year in dispute, G Corp wrote off these loans against taxable profits. G Corp also transferred assets at book value to a Maltese subsidiary company, of which it was the sole shareholder, and contributed the shares in this company, pursuant to section 23(4) of the Reorganisation Tax Act applicable in the year in dispute, also at book value, to another Malta-based company in the context of a capital increase against the granting of company rights. Finally, ... Read more
Germany vs Lender GmbH, May 2021, Bundesfinanzhof, Case No I R 62/17

Germany vs Lender GmbH, May 2021, Bundesfinanzhof, Case No I R 62/17

Lender GmbH acquired all shares in T GmbH from T in 2012 (year in dispute) for a purchase price of … €. To finance the purchase price of the shares, Lender GmbH took out a loan from its sole shareholder, D GmbH, a loan in the amount of … €, which bore interest at 8% p.a. (shareholder loan). The interest was not to be paid on an ongoing basis, but only on expiry of the loan agreement on 31.12.2021. No collateral was agreed. D GmbH, for its part, borrowed funds in the same amount and under identical terms and conditions from its shareholders, among others from its Dutch shareholder N U.A. In addition Lender GmbH received a bank loan in the amount of … €, which had an average interest rate of 4.78% p.a. and was fully secured. Finally Lender GmbH also received a vendor loan from the vendor T in the amount of … €, which bore an interest ... Read more
Austria vs Shareholder, July 2019, Bundesfinanzgericht, Case No RV/1100628/2016

Austria vs Shareholder, July 2019, Bundesfinanzgericht, Case No RV/1100628/2016

A taxpayer with a 98% shareholding in a joint stock company, CH AG, based in Switzerland had provided EUR 30 million as an interest-free shareholder loan to the company. There was no written agreement. CH AG used this capital to provide loans to two affiliated companies in Austria and Germany, each with an interest rate of 2%. The tax authorities added a 2% interest to the the shareholder loans – based on the interest on the loans passed on by CH AG to its affiliated companies. EXCURSION: In the present case, the argumentation of the taxpayer or the tax representative against interest on the loan was also interesting: In the complaint – with reference to the so-called “relatives’ case law” – it was stated that due to a lack of sufficiently clear agreements, lack of collateral, etc., not at all a “loan” in the tax sense is to be assumed, but that the financing in question is rather a question ... Read more
Greece vs "SH Loan Ltd", May 2019, Court, Case No A 1780/2019

Greece vs “SH Loan Ltd”, May 2019, Court, Case No A 1780/2019

“SH Loan Ltd” had provided a loan to its shareholder/manager and claimed that it did not expect any profit (interest) from this transaction, since it was not a bank. The tax authorities issued an assessment where additional interest income was added to the income of the company due to a loan granted to its sole shareholder. The additional interest income for the company was determined based on the relevant interest rates from the Bank of Greece’s Financial Situation Statistics. SH Loan Ltd filed an appeal. Judgement of the Court The court dismissed the appeal and upheld the decision of the tax authorities. “Because Mr. , is a person related to the applicant, in accordance with the provisions of Article 2(g) of Law No. 4172/2013, since he is a shareholder (100%), legal representative and member of the Board of Directors. (Chairman and Managing Director), and the granting of the loans in question to the related person was made on economic terms ... Read more
Italy vs Veneto Banca, July 2017, Regional Tax Court, Case No 2691/2017

Italy vs Veneto Banca, July 2017, Regional Tax Court, Case No 2691/2017

In 2014, the tax authorities issued the Italien Bank a notice of assessment with which it reclaimed for taxation IRAP for 2009 part of the interest expense paid by the bank to a company incorporated under Irish law, belonging to the same group which, according to the tax authorities, it also controlled. In particular, the tax authorities noted that the spread on the bond was two points higher than the normal market spread. The Bank appealed the assessment, arguing that there was no subjective requirement, because at the time of the issue of the debenture loan it had not yet become part of the group of which the company that had subscribed to the loan belonged. It also pleaded that the assessment was unlawful because it applied a provision, Article 11(7) TUIR, provided for IRES purposes, the extension of which to IRAP purposes was provided for by Article 1(281) of Law 147/13, a provision, however, of an innovative nature, the ... Read more
Italy vs Edison s.p.a. April 2016, Supreme Court no 7493

Italy vs Edison s.p.a. April 2016, Supreme Court no 7493

The Italien company had qualified a funding arrangement in an amount of Lira 500 billion classified by the parties as a non-interest-bearing contribution reserved for a future capital increase. Judgement of the Supreme Court The Italian Supreme Court found that intra-group financing agreements are subject to transfer pricing legislation and that non-interest-bearing financing is generally not consistent with the arm’s-length principle. The court remanded the case to the lower court for further consideration. Excerpts “”In conclusion, with regard to appeal r.g. no. 12882/2008, the first plea should be upheld, the second absorbed, and the third and fourth declared inadmissible; the judgment under appeal should be set aside in relation to the upheld plea and the case referred to another section of the Regional Tax Commission of Lombardy, which will comply with the principle of law set out in paragraph 3.5…” In regards to the non-interest-bearing financing the Court states in paragraph 3.5: “35… It follows that the valuation “at arm’s ... Read more
Turkey vs Lender, April 2012, Danıştay Üçüncü Dairesi, E. 2011/5165, K. 2012/1247, UYAP, 12.04.2012

Turkey vs Lender, April 2012, Danıştay Üçüncü Dairesi, E. 2011/5165, K. 2012/1247, UYAP, 12.04.2012

A Turkish company located in a tax free zone had obtained interest income based on the interest rate applied to foreign currency loans, although the company had lent money to its partner in Turkish Lira. Normally interest income is considered taxable, but within the tax free zone, income from listed activities is exempt. Click here for translation Turkey Case e-2011-5165-k-2012-1247-t-12-4-2012 ... Read more