Tag: Upper quartile

Czech Republic vs. ACTRAD s.r.o., February 2020, Supreme Administrative Court, No. 7 Afs 176/2019 - 26

Czech Republic vs. ACTRAD s.r.o., February 2020, Supreme Administrative Court, No. 7 Afs 176/2019 – 26

The issue in this case was the pricing of advertising services acquired by ACTRAD s.r.o. from related parties PRESSTEX PRINT and PRESSTEX MEDIA . According to the authorities ACTRAD instead of acquiring advertising and promotional services directly from the sports clubs (which was possible), used the services of intermediaries PRESSTEX PRINT and PRESSTEX MEDIA, who increased the price of the services provided significantly (290, 229 and 102 times), without adding any value to the transaction. The final price paid for the advertisement thus increased 290 times in 2011, 229 times in the first half of 2012 and 102 times in the second half of 2012 compared to the initial invoice. This increase occurred while the content, scope and form of the services remained unchanged. The result of the arrangement was a reduction in the tax bases of ACTRAD s.r.o. The tax authorities issued an assessment of additional income taxes for FY 2011 and 2012 in a total amount of ~CZK ... Read more
Austria vs. "Sports Data GmbH", November 2018, Bundesfinanzgericht, Case No RV/2100386/2017

Austria vs. “Sports Data GmbH”, November 2018, Bundesfinanzgericht, Case No RV/2100386/2017

A GmbH (“Sport Data GmbH”) was founded in 2006 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of A Holding AG, which had been founded shortly before and had its registered office in Switzerland. A AG, Switzerland was also founded as a sister company of A GmbH. A AG is A GmbH´s only customer. The business of A GmbH is the development and support of software for A AG, the maintenance of hardware, the training of employees and the forwarding of information. A AG, Switzerland sells the information provided by A GmbH. For these services A GmbH receives a remuneration from A AG determined as actual costs plus a profit surcharge of 5 %. The tax authorities noted that A AG did not initially have any active business activities. Against this background, the tax office had doubts about the arm’s length nature of the transfer prices. The tax authorities concluded, there were also no “simple services” by A GmbH for which, according to international ... Read more
Spain vs. Microsoft Ibérica S.R.L, February 2018, Audiencia Nacional, Case no 337/2014

Spain vs. Microsoft Ibérica S.R.L, February 2018, Audiencia Nacional, Case no 337/2014

Microsoft Ibérica S.R.L is responsible for distribution and marketing of Microsoft products in Spain. According to an agreement concluded between Microsoft Ibérica and MIOL (Microsoft’s Irish sales and marketing hub) with effect from 1 July 2003, Microsoft Ibérica would received the largest amount of either a commission based on sales invoiced in Spain or a markup on it’s costs. In support of the remuneration according to the agreement, Microsoft had provided a benchmark study. The Spanish tax authorities found that Microsoft Ibérica had not been properly remunerated due to the fact that goodwill amortisations had been eliminated by in the transfer pricing analysis. By including the goodwill amortisations in the analysis, the result of the local company was below the interquartile rang. The authorities further held that the selected comparables in the benchmark study suffered from comparability defects, in that they had less functions and risk than Microsoft Ibérica. An assessment was issued where the results were adjusted to the ... Read more