15. The facts are the same as Example 1, except that the per-unit value of Service 2 is 120 (that is, both Service 1 and Service 2 are equally valuable, and neither are low-value services).
16. Under the CCA, the value of Company A and Company B’s contributions should each correspond to their respective proportionate shares of expected benefits i.e. 50%. Since the total value of contributions under the CCA is 6 000, this means each party must contribute 3 000. The value of Company A’s in-kind contribution is 3 600. The value of Company B’s in- kind contribution is 2 400. Accordingly, Company B should make a balancing payment to Company A of 600. This has the effect of “topping up” Company B’s contribution to 3 000; and offsets Company A’s contribution to the same amount. Example 3 illustrates that, in general, assessing contributions at cost will not result in an arm’s length outcome even in those situations in which the arm’s length mark-up on the cost of contributions is identical.