In 2016 Fertilizer BV had been issued a tax assessment for FY 2012 in which the tax authorities had imposed additional taxable income of €162,506,660.
Fertilizer BV is the parent company of a fiscal unity for corporation tax (hereinafter: FU). It is a limited partner in a limited partnership under Dutch law, which operates a factory in [Country 1]. The interested party borrowed the money for the capital contribution to the limited partnership from a wholly-owned subsidiary. The share in profits from the limited partnership was expressed as profit from a permanent establishment.
In dispute was the amount of interest attributable to the permanent establishment. The court followed the inspector in allocating – in connection with the [circumstances] in [Country 1] – 75% equity and 25% loan capital to the PE.
Furthermore, the FU had deposits and loans in USD. These positions were partly hedged by forward exchange contracts. Fertilizer BV valued these deposits and loans at the historical acquisition price or lower value in use. In dispute between the parties was whether and to what extent the positions should be valued as connected. In the opinion of the court, the mere fact that deposits and loans were denominated in USD did not mean that they should be valued as connected. The court considered part of it to be connected.
Fertilizer BV is a production company. It sells its products to affiliated sales organisations at prices derived from market prices. After the commissioning of a new factory, Fertilizer BV produced more than before (hereinafter: the surplus). On the basis of two agreements, Fertilizer BV sold the surplus, at cost price with a surcharge of 5%, to a subsidiary established abroad. In the opinion of the court, no real commercial risk had been transferred to the subsidiary and the inspector rightly corrected the taxable amount.
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