Tag: Downward adjustment

Canada vs Dow Chemicals, April 2022, Federal Court of Appeal, Case No 2022 FCA 70

Canada vs Dow Chemicals, April 2022, Federal Court of Appeal, Case No 2022 FCA 70

This appeal and cross-appeal arise as a result of the response provided by the Tax Court of Canada to a question submitted under Rule 58 of the Tax Court of Canada Rules (General Procedure), SOR/90-688a. The question was: Where the Minister of National Revenue has exercised her discretion pursuant to subsection 247(10) of the Income Tax Act (“ITA”) to deny a taxpayer’s request for a downward transfer pricing adjustment, is that a decision falling outside the exclusive original jurisdiction granted to the Tax Court of Canada under section 12 of the Tax Court of Canada Act and section 171 of the ITA? This question arose in the context of the appeal commenced by Dow Chemical Canada ULC (Dow) in relation to the reassessment of its 2006 taxation year. The Tax Court (2020 TCC 139) provided the following answer to this question: The Court has determined that where the Minister has decided, pursuant to subsection 247(10) of the Income Tax Act ... Read more
Belgium, December 2021, Constitutional Court, Case No 184/2021

Belgium, December 2021, Constitutional Court, Case No 184/2021

By a notice of December 2020, the Court of Appeal of Brussels referred the following question for a preliminary ruling by the Constitutional Court : “ Does article 207, second paragraph, ITC (1992), as it applies, read together with article 79 ITC (1992), in the interpretation that it also applies to abnormal or gratuitous advantages obtained by a Belgian company from a foreign company, violate articles 10, 11 and 172 of the Constitution? “. The Belgian company “D.W.B.”, of which Y.S. and R.W. were the managers, was set up on 4 October 2006 by the Dutch company “W.”. On 25 October 2006, the latter also set up the Dutch company “D.W.” On 9 November 2006, bv “W.” sold its shareholdings in a number of subsidiaries of the D.W. group to its subsidiary nv ” D.W. “. It was agreed that 20 % of the selling price would be contributed by e.g. “W.” to the capital of the latter and that ... Read more
Argentina vs Nidera S.A., June 2021, Supreme Court, Case No CAF 38801/2013/CA2-CS2

Argentina vs Nidera S.A., June 2021, Supreme Court, Case No CAF 38801/2013/CA2-CS2

Nidera S.A. exported commodities (cereals, oilseeds etc.) via group traders domiciled on the British Virgin Islands. In the absence of evidence to the contrary, in transactions involving entities domiciled in low-tax jurisdictions, it was presumed that prices had not been agreed in accordance with the arm’s length principle. The tax authorities issued an adjustment by applying the “CUP” method (Sixth method), considering the statistical average prices set as a reference value by the National Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, corresponding to the date of shipment (and not to the date of agreement as claimed by the claimant). However adjustments were only made to those transactions where the quoted price was higher than the one agreed by Nidera S.A. An appeal was filed with the National Court by Nidera S.A. In 2016 the National Court of Appeals issud ist decision in the case. The decision was in favour of Nidera S.A. in regards to the approach of the tax authorities ... Read more
Canada vs Dow Chemical Canada ULC. Dec 2020, Tax Court, Case No. 2020 TCC 139

Canada vs Dow Chemical Canada ULC. Dec 2020, Tax Court, Case No. 2020 TCC 139

This decision is about the jurisdiction of the Tax Court of Canada, or perhaps more accurately about the scope of an appeal of an assessment. It arises in the context of an appeal by Dow Chemical Canada ULC of a reassessment of its 2006 taxation year. The reassessment increased Dow Chemical’s income under the transfer pricing provisions in section 247 of the Income Tax Act. In reassessing Dow Chemical for its 2006 and 2007 taxation years, the tax authorities had increased Dow Chemical’s income in respect of certain transactions with non-residents to which Dow Chemical is related. The authorities initially indicated that the transfer pricing provisions also would result in a downward adjustment to Dow Chemical’s income in those taxation years in respect of another transaction. However, the most recent reassessment of Dow Chemical’s 2006 taxation year did not reflect the downward adjustment, although the reassessment of its 2007 taxation year did. Dow Chemical has appealed the 2006 reassessment. The ... Read more
Argentina vs Nidera S.A., March 2016, National Court, Case No CAF 38801/2013/CS1-CA1

Argentina vs Nidera S.A., March 2016, National Court, Case No CAF 38801/2013/CS1-CA1

Nidera S.A. exported commodities (cereals, oilseeds etc.) via group traders domiciled on the British Virgin Islands. In the absence of evidence to the contrary, in transactions involving entities domiciled in low-tax jurisdictions, it was presumed that prices had not been agreed in accordance with the arm’s length principle. The tax authorities issued an adjustment by applying the “CUP” method (Sixth method), considering the statistical average prices set as a reference value by the National Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, corresponding to the date of shipment (and not to the date of agreement as claimed by the claimant). However adjustments were only made to those transactions where the quoted price was higher than the one agreed by Nidera S.A. Judgement of the Court The National Court accepted Nidera S.A.’s appeal in regards to the approach of the tax authorities were only the unfavorable pricing were being adjusted whereas the favorable pricing were not, and referred the case back to the ... Read more
Korea vs Pharma Equipment Corp, September 2009, Corean Court, Case No 2008서1588

Korea vs Pharma Equipment Corp, September 2009, Corean Court, Case No 2008서1588

The Korean company was active as a domestic wholesaler of hospitals and pharmaceutical equipment imported acquired from foreign related parties. The taxation authorities have calculated the normal price by applying the TNM method for controlled transactions between the Korean company and it’s foreign related parties. In years where profits in the company was below the interquartile range the tax authorities issued an adjustment. But in years where profits was above the range no downward adjustment was made. The company filed a tax appeal claiming that income in year where profits had been to high should also be adjusted. The Judgement of the Court “Law No. 4 No. 1 on international tax adjustments” tax authorities deal is one of the parties in the international trade foreign related parties the transaction price if you do not meet or exceed the normal price, the residents based on the normal price The taxation authority can determine or adjust the tax base and tax amount ... Read more