Bulgaria vs KEY END ES ENERGY, April 2020, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 4972

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Key End Es Energy concluded a share purchase and sale agreement of 20.12.2012 with a related party LUKERG BULGARIA GmbH, under which KEY END EU ENERGY transferred to its parent company LUKERG BULGARIA GmbH the ownership of the shares in eight subsidiaries. The subsidiaries owned a total of 15 wind turbines for the production of electricity and operated them on the Bulgarian energy market. According to the Purchase and Sale Agreement the price of the shares were BGN 20 935 937,75.

Following an audit of the transaction the tax authorities issued an assessment of additional taxable income for FY 2012 related to the sale of shares. According to the authorities the arm´s length value of the shares were BGN 38 609 215,00. This value was determined based on a CUP/CUT method. As support/sanity check for the valuation the DCF method and the DuPont Analysis was also applied. The additional value was added to the taxable income of Key End Es Energy.

A complaint was filed by Key End Es Energy with the Administrative court where, by decision No. 5477 of 09.09.2019, the assessment was annulled.

The tax authorities then filed appel with the Supreme Administrative Court.

In the appeal the tax authorities argued that the court erred in ignoring the valuation of the independent valuer, Raiffeisen Investment AG, on which the transaction was based and erred in holding that the agreed price was a market price. Further, it is submitted that the court erred in holding that the market price of the controlled sale and purchase transaction dated 20.12.2012 was as set out in the 2013 Share Transfer Pricing Documentation prepared by KPMG Bulgaria after the 20.12.2012 transaction. It also contested the court’s conclusions that the expert prepared in the course of the audit only formally used the CUP/CUT method, while in reality it used the discounted cash flow method, which was not provided for in Regulation No. N-9 of 14.08.2006. In view of the tax authorities, the priority should not be the formal application of the transfer pricing methods in Regulation N-9/2006, but instead arriving at actual values by means of the mechanisms of the various methods.

Judgement of the Supreme Administrative Court

The Supreme Administrative Court set aside the decision of the Administrative Court and remanded the case to another panel of the court of first instance for reconsideration.

“Since the burden of proving the substantive grounds for the issuance of the RA rests with the revenue administration, in the presence of a material difference between the conclusions of the valuation experts appointed in the course of the audit and the court proceedings, the defendant in the first instance proceedings has requested by an application filed in open court on 21.02.2018 the appointment of a valuation expert, which, having familiarized itself with all the evidence in the case, to give a conclusion under item 13 of the application in three options for the market. By admitting only the appellant’s questions and refusing to admit the questions formulated by the respondent in the proceedings at first instance to the appointed expert examination by order of 18.04.2018, the court violated a fundamental principle under Article 8(1) of the APC – the arm’s length principle and at the same time limited the right of the respondent to engage evidence in support of the thesis it defends. The infringement constitutes a material breach of the rules of court procedure and a ground for cassation under Article 209(3) of the Code of Civil Procedure and, in so far as the dispute has not been clarified from the factual point of view, the case must be referred back to another formation of the court of first instance. In the new hearing, the court should appoint a expert, which independently, using one of the applicable rules under Regulation No H-9 of 14.08.2006. The court should, in accordance with the provisions of Article N-9 of the Law on the procedure and methods for the application of methods for determining market prices, derive the market value of the shares of the eight subsidiaries owned by the audited entity, the subject of the sale both under the transaction of 20.12.2012 between related parties and as part of the subject of the sale under the transaction of 14.06.2012 concluded between unrelated parties.”


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ulgarie vs KEY END ES ENERGY April 2020 SAC case no 4972


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