Author: Courts of Poland

Poland vs “H. LVAS Sp. z oo”, September 2022, Administrative Court, Case No I SA / Go 234/22

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“H. LVAS Sp. z oo” had deducted expenses related to intra-group services in its taxable income. The services had been provided by its German parent company, H. GmbH. The services (supervision and management support, coordination of projects, support in accounting, controlling, IT and personnel) had been classified by the group as low value-added services. Following […]

Poland vs “Fertilizer Licence SA”, April 2022, Provincial Administrative Court, Case No I SA/Po 788/21

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“Fertilizer Licence SA” (“A”) transferred its trademarks to “B” in 2013, previously financed the transfer through a cash contribution, and then, following the transfer, paid royalties to “A” in exchange for the ability to use the assets. According to the tax authorities, a situation where an entity transfers its assets to another entity, finances the […]

Poland vs A. Sp. z o. o., February 2022, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 1475/19

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A. Sp. z o.o. was established to carry out an investment project consisting in construction of a shopping center. In order to raise funds, the company concluded a loan agreement. The loan agreement was guaranteed by shareholders and other related parties. By virtue of the guarantees, the guarantors became solitarily liable for the Applicant’s obligations. […]

Poland vs R. Sp. z o. o., January 2022, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 990/19

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R. Sp. z o.o. had requested a binding ruling/interpretation regarding tax deduction for the price paid to a related entity under restructuring. The request was denied by the tax authorities, as the question – according to the authorities – could only be answered under an Advance Pricing Agreement. R. Sp. z.o.o brought the issue before […]

Poland vs R.B.P. (P.) Sp. z o.o.., August 2021, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 3830/18

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The company is a producer of household chemicals and belongs to the R. B. (“the Group”), which is active in the manufacture and sale of consumer products in the home, health and hygiene products industry. The Company has entered into supply agreements for the goods it produces with Group companies. On the basis of the […]

Poland vs A S.A., June 2021, Provincial Administrative Court, Case No I SA/Gl 1649/20

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The business activity of A S.A. was wholesale of pharmaceutical products to external pharmacies, hospitals, wholesalers (including: to affiliated wholesalers). The tax authority had noted that the company’s name had been changed in FY 2013, and a loss in the amount of PLN […] had been reported in the company’s tax return. An audit revealed […]

Poland vs Q. F. sp. z o.o., January 2021, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 2514

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A request for an interpretation was submitted by a company in regards to financial transactions (loans and guarantees) with related parties. The requested interpretation was relevant in determining the amount of the controlled transactions and on that basis whether the taxpayer was required to prepare TP documentation or not. The company held that in determining […]

Poland vs “Fish Factory” sp. z o.o., July 2020, Administrative Court, I SA/Gd 184/20 – Wyrok

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The activity of Spółka A sp. z o.o. included salmon breeding, processing, smoking and sale and distribution of the finished products. The company operated within Group A with head quarter in the Netherlands. By decision of 27 May 2019, the tax authorities determined that the operating expenses determined by transactions with related parties were inflated […]

Poland vs Shared Service Center, February 2020, Administrative Court, SA/PO 935/19

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A shared service center in Poland both provided intra-group services to the group and in doing so also received and paid for services from other group companies. At issue was payments for the services that the Shared Service Center in Poland received. Under some circumstances intra-group service costs are non-deductible in Poland according to local […]

Poland vs YEA s.a. z o.o., December 2019, Administrative Court, Case No SA/Po 800/19 – Wyrok

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A Polish subsidiary performed manufacturing on a limited risk basis (a so-called contract manufacturer) on behalf of the group parent and should be remunerated based on the functions performed. During the year, sales of products are made at constant registration prices based on the standard cost. It is only after the end of the year […]

Poland vs “Cans Corp”, September 2019, Provincial Administrative Court i Szczecin, Case no SA/Sz155/19

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At issue in this case was the remuneration of a Polish manufacturing subsidiary in an international group dealing in the production and sale of metal packaging for food products, including beverage cans, food cans, household cans and metal closures. The tax authorities had issued an tax assessment for FY 2009 – 2012 based on a […]

Poland vs Non-Woven z o.o., July 2019, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 3433/18

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The question in this case was whether or not year-end-adjustments/profit adjustments should be considered part of the market price for acquisition of raw materials used in the production of non-wovens products in the Polish company operating partially under a tax exempt zone. The Court of First Instance had come to the conclusion, that the payment […]

Poland vs L S.A, June 2019, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No. II FSK 1808/17 – Wyrok NSA

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A Polish subsidiary in a German Group had taken out a significant inter-company loan resulting in a significantly reduced income due to interest deductions. At issue was application of the Polish arm’s length provisions and the arm’s length nature of the interest rate on the loan. The tax authorities had issued an assessment where the […]

Poland vs A. Sp. z o.o., March 2019, Administrative Court, Case No I SA/Rz 1178/18

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A. Sp. z o.o. was established to carry out an investment project consisting in construction of a shopping center. In order to raise funds, the company concluded a loan agreement. The loan agreement was guaranteed by shareholders and other related parties. By virtue of the guarantees, the guarantors became solitarily liable for the Applicant’s obligations. […]

Poland vs R. Group, September 2018, Administrative Court, Case No III SA/Wa 263/18

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R. Sp. z o.o. had requested a binding ruling/interpretation regarding tax deduction for the price paid to a related entity under restructuring. The request was denied by the tax authorities, as the question – according to the authorities – could only be answered under an Advance Pricing Agreement. R. Sp. z.o.o brought the issue before […]

Poland vs “Blueberry Factory” Sp z.o.o., June 2018, Supreme Administrative Court, II FSK 1665/16

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In this case there were family, capital and personal ties between the Blueberry Factory and its shareholders, and the terms and conditions of the Company’s transactions with its shareholders (purchase of blueberry fruit) had not been at arm’s length. The higher prices paid by the Blueberry Farm benefited the shareholders (suppliers), who thus generated higher […]

Poland vs Cash Pool Corp, March 2016, Supreme administrative Court, Case No. II FSK 3666/13

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In a request for a binding ruling, a Polish Company indicated that it was joining an inter-group Cash Pooling Agreement (“Agreement”) in which the leader was based in Luxembourg. Under the Agreement, the pool leader acts as a regional financial center and consolidates the balances of current accounts of all the cash pool participants. The […]

Poland vs “H-S Goods S.A.”, October 2013, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 2840/11

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“H-S Goods S.A.” was active in wholesale trade of heating and sanitary goods. The main supplier of the products was a related company from Germany, and the cusomers/recipients of the goods were both unrelated domestic companies and foreign related companies (in Latvia and Ukraine). Approximately 30 % of sales were to related parties. Sales prices […]

Poland vs “K-steel S.A.”, March 2012, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No II FSK 1882/10

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K-steel S.A. purchased steel from its parent company which again purchased steel from unrelated steel mills. The tax authorities found that prices paid to the parent company by “K-steel S.A.” were not arm’s-length. The arm’s length price was established based on the prices paid for similar steel products by unrelated companies active in similar business […]

Poland vs “H-trademark S.A.”, February 2012, Administrative Court, Case No I SA/Po 827/11

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“H-trademark S.A.” applied for a ruling on the tax rules governing a business restructuring where trademarks were transferred to another group company and licensed back – whether Polish arm’s length provisions would apply to the transaction. The company was of the opinion that Polish arm’s length provision (article 11) would not apply, since the arrangement […]

Poland vs “H-S Goods S.A.”, July 2011, Administrative Court, Case No I SA/Kr 716/11

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“H-S Goods S.A.” was active in wholesale trade of heating and sanitary goods. The main supplier of the products was a related company from Germany, and the cusomers/recipients of the goods were both unrelated domestic companies and foreign related companies (in Latvia and Ukraine). Approximately 30 % of sales were to related parties. Sales prices […]

Poland vs “F-inance. Sp. z o.o.”, October 2010, Administrative Court, Case No I SA/Kr 1188/10

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“F-inance. Sp. z o.o.” provided loans in 2004 – 2006 to a special-purpose vehicle (SPV) which had established to finance an investment. According to the loan agreements repayment of the principal amount and incurred interest for each loan was 31 December 2007. In 2008, these deadlines were extended to 31 December 2008. The tax authorities […]