Tag: Management fee

Broadly, a fee or charge imposed for management and/or administrative services of a parent company or head office.

Costa Rica vs British Tobacco Centroamérica S.A. March 2022, Supreme Court, Case No 750-2022

Costa Rica vs British Tobacco Centroamérica S.A. March 2022, Supreme Court, Case No 750-2022

The tax authorities had started investigating a sales contract that British Tobacco Centroamérica S.A. had with a related company abroad for the import of goods. The historical price of the imported goods was compared to the price contained in the later sales contract. In the customs forms, the company declared one value, but in its invoices it recorded another value for the same products. The tax auditor discovered that the sales contract had a clause extending its scope to the provision of consultancy services. The company reported during the audit that the supplying company played a central role in the marketing of products that the local company made by assisting it in the elaboration of marketing studies, sales campaigns and quality studies. On this background an adjustment was issued for additional withholding tax for source income in the form of consultancy services provided by the non-resident. An appeal was filed by the Company. Judgement of the Supreme Court The Supreme ... Read more
France vs Rayonnages de France, February 2022, CAA of Douai, No 19DA01682

France vs Rayonnages de France, February 2022, CAA of Douai, No 19DA01682

Rayonnages de France paid royalties and management fees to a related Portuguese company. Following an audit for FY 2010 – 2012 the French tax authorities denied tax deductions for the payments by reference to the the arm’s length principle. The court of first instance decided in favor of the tax authorities and Rayonnages de France then filed an appeal with the CAA of Douai. Judgement of the CAA The Court of appeal upheld the decision of the court of first instance and decided in favor of the tax authorities. Excerpt “However, as the Minister points out, in order to be eligible for deduction, the management services invoiced by VJ Trans.Fer to SARL Rayonnages de France must necessarily cover tasks distinct from those relating to the day-to-day management of the latter company, which were the responsibility of Mr B. as statutory manager of SARL Rayonnages de France, it being for the latter to determine, where appropriate, the remuneration to be paid ... Read more

TPG2022 Chapter VII paragraph 7.18

The fact that a payment was made to an associated enterprise for purported services can be useful in determining whether services were in fact provided, but the mere description of a payment as, for example, “management fees” should not be expected to be treated as prima facie evidence that such services have been rendered. At the same time, the absence of payments or contractual agreements does not automatically lead to the conclusion that no intra-group services have been rendered ... Read more
Greece vs "GSS Ltd.", December 2021, Tax Court, Case No 4450/2021

Greece vs “GSS Ltd.”, December 2021, Tax Court, Case No 4450/2021

An assessment was issued for FY 2017, whereby additional income tax was imposed on “GSS Ltd” in the amount of 843.344,38 €, plus a fine of 421.672,19 €, i.e. a total amount of 1.265.016,57 €. Various adjustments had been made and among them interest rates on intra group loans, royalty payments, management fees, and losses related to disposal of shares. Not satisfied with the assessment, an appeal was filed by “GSS Ltd.” Judgement of the Tax Court The court dismissed the appeal of “GSS Ltd.” and upheld the assessment of the tax authorities Excerpts “Because only a few days after the entry of the holdings in its books, it sold them at a price below the nominal value of the companies’ shares, which lacks commercial substance and is not consistent with normal business behaviour. Since it is hereby held that, by means of the specific transactions, the applicant indirectly wrote off its unsecured claims without having previously taken appropriate steps ... Read more
Colombia vs Interoil Colombia Exploration and Production S.A., September 2021, The Administrative Court, Case No. 24282

Colombia vs Interoil Colombia Exploration and Production S.A., September 2021, The Administrative Court, Case No. 24282

Interoil Colombia Exploration and Production S.A. paid it foreign parent for cost related to exploration and administrative services, and for tax purposes these costs had been deducted in the taxable income. In total $3,571,353,600 had been declared as operating expenses for geological and geophysical studies carried out in the exploratory phase of an oil project and $5.548.680.347 had been declared for administrative services rendered from its parent company abroad Following an audit the tax authorities issued an assessment where these deductions was denied. In regards of cost related to exploration, these should have been recorded as a deferred charge amortisable over up to five years, according to articles 142 and 143 of the Tax Statute. In accordance with Article 142, these investments are recorded as deferred assets and are also declared for tax purposes. (…) According to the general accounting regulations – Decree 2649 of 1993 – deferred assets are part of the company’s assets, and correspond to anticipated expenses ... Read more
Bulgaria vs Central Hydroelectric de Bulgari EOOD, July 2021, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 8331

Bulgaria vs Central Hydroelectric de Bulgari EOOD, July 2021, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 8331

By judgment of 19 January 2021, the Administrative Court upheld an assessment for FY 2012-2017 issued by the tax authorities on the determination of the arm’s length income resulting from related party transactions. The tax assessment resulted from disallowed deductions for Intra group services provided under a general administrative, legal and financial assistance contract of 22 October 2012 Costs invoiced for the preparation of consolidated accounts Expenses related to “Technical services” for which no explanations had been provided An appeal was filed by Central Hydroelectric de Bulgari EOOD with the Supreme Administrative Court in which the company stated that the decision of the Administrative Court was incorrect. Judgement of the Supreme Administrative Court The Supreme Administrative Court partially upheld the decision of the Administrative Court. Excerpts “The present Court of Cassation finds the judgment of the ACGC valid and admissible. The argument of the applicant that the same is inadmissible is unfounded in the part in which the RA was ... Read more
Denmark vs. "Advisory business ApS", June 2021, High Court, Case No SKM2021.335.OLR

Denmark vs. “Advisory business ApS”, June 2021, High Court, Case No SKM2021.335.OLR

The case concerned a Danish company that provided legal services regarding tax deductions for improvements to real estate, etc. In 2006, the owner of the Danish company moved to Y2 city and in the process established a company in Y2 city, which would then provide services to the Danish sister company, including legal advice. The tax authorities had increased the Danish company’s taxable income by an estimated total of approximately DKK 58.4 million, as the tax authorities considered that the company’s transfer pricing documentation was sufficiently deficient, in accordance with Section 3 B(8) of the Tax Control Act, cf. Section 5(3), and that the service agreements were not concluded at arm’s length in breach Danish arm’s length provisions. Judgement of the High Court The tax authorities were entitled to exercise discretion over pricing of the controlled transactions as the transactions had not been priced at arm’s length and the transfer pricing documentation was deficient. “The case shows that SKAT’s estimate ... Read more
Philippines vs Snowy Owl Energy Inc, March 2021, Tax Court, CTA CASE No. 9618

Philippines vs Snowy Owl Energy Inc, March 2021, Tax Court, CTA CASE No. 9618

In 2013, Snowy Owl Energy Inc entered into a Consultancy Agreement (Subconsultant Services Agreement) with Rolenergy Inc. – a Hong Kong-based corporation organized and registered in the British Virgin Islands. Based on the Agreement, Rolenergy would serve as Snowy Owl Energy Inc’s sub-consultant. The tax authorities issued an assessment for deficiency income tax (IT), final withholding tax (FWT) and compromise penalty in relation to the sub-consultant fees it paid for taxable year 2013. Judgement of the Tax Court The Court decided in favour of Snowy Owl Energy Inc. Section 23(F)36 in relation to Section 42(C)(3)37 of the NIRC of 1997, as amended, provides that a non-resident foreign corporation is taxable only for income from sources within the Philippines, and does not include income for services performed outside the Philippines. Excerpts: “Indubitably, the payments made in exchange for the services rendered in Hong Kong are income derived from sources outside of the Philippines, thus not subject to IT and consequently to ... Read more
France vs Bluestar Silicones France, Feb 2021, Supreme Administrative Court (CAA), Case No 16VE00352

France vs Bluestar Silicones France, Feb 2021, Supreme Administrative Court (CAA), Case No 16VE00352

Bluestar Silicones France (BSF), now Elkem Silicones France SAS (ESF), produces silicones and various products that it sells to other companies belonging to the Bluestar Silicones International group. The company was audited for the financial years 2007 – 2008 and an assessment was issued. According to the tax authorities, the selling prices of the silicone products had been below the arm’s length price and the company had refrained from invoicing of management exepences and cost of secondment of employees . In the course of the proceedings agreement had been reached on the pricing of products. Hence, in dispute before the court was the issue of lacking invoicing of management exepences and cost of secondment of employees for the benefit of the Chinese and Brazilian subsidiaries of the Group. According to the company there had been no hidden transfer of profits; its method of constructing the group’s prices has not changed and compliance with the arm’s length principle has been demonstrated ... Read more
Bulgaria vs Montupet, January 2021, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 630

Bulgaria vs Montupet, January 2021, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 630

Montupet EOOD is a Bulgarian subsidiary in the French Montupet Group which specializes in the production of aluminum components for the automotive industry. In February 2016, the French Group became part of the Canadian LINAMAR Group, which specializes in the manufacture and assembly of components for the automotive industry. The French group and its production facilities (plants in France, Bulgaria, Northern Ireland, Mexico and Spain) retained their core business as part of one of LINAMAR’s five main business areas – light metal casting. Effective 01.01.2017, Montupet SAS and Montupet EOOD entered into a Services Agreement, which canceled a previous agreement of 21.12.2009 in the part concerning the corporate and management services provided. Pursuant to the new agreement, Montupet SAS undertakes to provide Montupet EOOD with business advisory services in various areas such as business strategy and development advice; financial strategy advice; legal advice; human resources strategy advice; pricing advice and price negotiations with global customers; supply chain management assistance and ... Read more

Mining Company Oyu Tolgoi LLC receives a second Tax Assessment from the Mongolian Tax Authority

The Oyu Tolgoi copper-gold mine is a joint venture between Turquoise Hill Resources (which is 50.8 per cent owned by Rio Tinto), and the Mongolian Government. The Mongolian government has not been satisfied by the result of the joint venture and has concerns that increasing development costs of the Oyu Tolgoi project has eroded the economic benefits it anticipated receiving. “It is calculated that Mongolia will not receive dividend payments until 2051 and will incur debts of US$22 billion,” said Mongolia’s deputy chief cabinet secretary, Solongoo Bayarsaikhan. “In addition, Oyu Tolgoi is estimated to pay profit taxes or corporate income taxes only in four years until 2051.” The Mongolian authorities has put forward proposals to coordinate and lower management services received from Rio Tinto and increase Mongolia’s benefits by reducing shareholder loan interest rates. On December 23, 2020 the Mongolian Tax Authority issued a press release concerning the results of a completed transfer pricing audit of Oyu Tologi LLC. “The ... Read more
France vs SAS Groupe Lagasse Europe, January 2020, CCA de VERSAILLES, Case No. 18VE00059 18VE02329

France vs SAS Groupe Lagasse Europe, January 2020, CCA de VERSAILLES, Case No. 18VE00059 18VE02329

A French subsidiary, SAS Groupe Lagasse Europe, of the Canadian Legasse Group had paid service fees to another Canadian group company, Gestion Portland Vimy. The French tax authorities held that the basis for the payments of service fees had not been established, and that there was no benefit to the French subsidiary. The payments constituted an indirect transfer of profits within the meaning of the ‘article 57 of the general tax code; Excerps from the judgement of the Court: “11. Under the terms of article 57 of the general tax code, applicable in matters of corporate tax under article 209 of the same code: “For the establishment of income tax due by the companies which are dependent or have control of companies located outside of France, the profits indirectly transferred to the latter, either by increasing or decreasing the purchase or sale prices, or by any other means, are incorporated into the results recognized by the accounts (…) “. These ... Read more
Switzerland vs "Bank A SA", December 2019, Federal Supreme Court, Case No 2C_1073/2018 and 2C_1089/2018

Switzerland vs “Bank A SA”, December 2019, Federal Supreme Court, Case No 2C_1073/2018 and 2C_1089/2018

A Swiss bank had a subsidiary in Guernsey that administered a number of funds and received a management fee of 1.5% of the net value of the assets under management and a performance fee of 10–20% of the funds’ performance. The activities of the Guernsey company were delegated to the Swiss parent and third parties. Both the third parties and the Swiss parent received an management fee of 0.75%, but only the third parties also received a performance fee. The tax administration claimed that 70% of the performance fees and a remuneration for other activities should have been paid to the Swiss parent. Judgement of the Supreme Court The Court found that the agreed conditions with third-party service providers were at arm’s length, and should also have been applied in relation to the Swiss parent company. Hence, the court dismissed the appeal of Click here for English translation Click here for other translation SW FSC 2C_1073-2018 2C_1089-2018 ... Read more
Spain vs ARW Enterprise Computin Solution SA, September 2019, Tribunal Superior de Justicia, Case No STSJ M 7038/2019 - ECLI: ES:TSJM:2019:7038

Spain vs ARW Enterprise Computin Solution SA, September 2019, Tribunal Superior de Justicia, Case No STSJ M 7038/2019 – ECLI: ES:TSJM:2019:7038

A Spanish subsidiary, ARW Enterprise Computin Solution SA, had deducted intra-group management fees paid according to two service contracts with two french group companies – Distrilogie SA and DCC France Holding SAS. For an expense to be deductible it is required not only that invoice, account, payments have been imputed correctly, but also that the expense have been held for obtaining income and to the direct benefit of the subsidiary. The Spanish tax authorities found, that these requirements had not been sufficiently proved by Computin Solution SA and issued a tax assessment. Click here for other translation Spain vs Computin STSJ_M_7038_2019 ... Read more
Romania vs "Broker" A SRL, September 2016, Supreme Court, Case No 3818/2019

Romania vs “Broker” A SRL, September 2016, Supreme Court, Case No 3818/2019

Following an audit Broker A SRL was ordered to submit corrective statements on the corporate income tax for the tax years 2016 and 2017, and not to take over the tax loss from previous years, in the amount of RON 62,773,810 in 2016 and 2017. The tax authorities had found shortcomings in the comparability study drawn up by the company and replaced it with their own study. According to Broaker A SRL the transfer pricing adjustment was unlawful: the measure of reworking the comparability study has no legal basis and was not reasoned by the tax authorities; the findings of the tax inspection bodies are based on a serious error concerning the accounting recognition of A. BV’s income in its records; unlawfulness as regards the adjustment of income in respect of support services. ANAF has made serious errors of calculation by reference to its own reasoning in establishing the adjustments. unlawfulness of the tax decision in relation to the adjustment ... Read more
Tanzania vs Aggreko International Projects Ltd, June 2019, Court of Appeal, Case No 148 of 2018

Tanzania vs Aggreko International Projects Ltd, June 2019, Court of Appeal, Case No 148 of 2018

Aggreko International Projects (AIP branch) operates in Tanzania as a branch of Aggreko International Projects Limited, a UK company engaged in generation of emergency/temporary power, and working mainly with Tanzania National Electricity Supply Company Limited (TANESCO) as the main customer. In FY 2011 to 2012, the head office provided a number of services for which the AIP branch paid management fees. In the financial year 2013-2014, the tax authorities conducted an audit. The tax authorities concluded that head office costs are part of the management fees attributed to AIP branch’s operations in the country and consequently subject to withholding tax. Following an appeal, the tax assessment was set aside by the Tax Revenue Appeals Tribunal. This decision was then brought to the Court of Appeal by the tax authorities. Judgement of the Court of Appeal The Court of Appeal decided in favor of the tax authorities. Excerpt “Perusing through the above provisions, we entirely subscribe to the holding in Tullow ... Read more
Indonesia vs ARPTe Ltd, January 2019, Tax Court, Case No. PUT-108755.15/2013/PP/M.XVIIIA

Indonesia vs ARPTe Ltd, January 2019, Tax Court, Case No. PUT-108755.15/2013/PP/M.XVIIIA

ARPTe Ltd had paid a subsidiary for management services and use of intangibles. The benefit of those payments were challenged by the tax authorities and an assessment was issued where these deductions had been denied. An appeal was filed with the tax court Judgement of the Tax Court The Court set aside the assessment of the tax authorities and decided in favor of ARPTe Ltd. According to the Court ARPTe Ltd had been able to provide sufficient evidence that the management services and intangibles provided by the subsidiary had actually benefited the company. “ Click here for translation PUT-108755-15-2013 Jan 2019 ... Read more
Taiwan vs Intracom, November 2018, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 691 of 107

Taiwan vs Intracom, November 2018, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 691 of 107

Intracom Taiwan had deducted losses on intra-group receivables and management fees in its taxable income. These deductions had been partially denied by the Taiwanese tax administration due to lack of documentation and economic substance. Intracom brought the case to court. The Supreme Administrative court dismissed Intracom’s appeal and upheld the assessment. On the issue of deduction for bad debt the court states: “The Appellee’s request for such documents was in accordance with the law. However, the Appellant was unable to produce documents that met the statutory requirements, and from this point of view, the Appellee’s refusal to allow the recognition of the doubtful accounts could not be considered an error. (3) The appellant’s argument that the tax authorities should accept the recognition of doubtful debts as long as the appellant obtains the documentary evidence of the “foreign office certification” which proves the objective fact that “the debtor of the receivable has gone into liquidation” is clearly inconsistent with Article 94 ... Read more
Canada vs Loblaw Companies Ltd., September 2018, Canadian tax court, Case No 2018 TCC 182

Canada vs Loblaw Companies Ltd., September 2018, Canadian tax court, Case No 2018 TCC 182

The Canada Revenue Agency had issued a reassessments related to Loblaw’s Barbadian banking subsidiary, Glenhuron, for tax years 2001 – 2010. The tax authorities had determined that Glenhuron did not meet the requirements to be considered a foreign bank under Canadian law, and therefore was not exempt from paying Canadian taxes. “Loblaw took steps to make Glenhuron look like a bank in order to avoid paying tax. Government lawyers said Glenhuron did not qualify because, among other things, it largely invested the grocery giant’s own funds and was “playing with its own money.“ Tax Court found the transactions entered into by Loblaw regarding Glenhuron did result in a tax benefit but “were entered primarily for purposes other than to obtain the tax benefit and consequently were not avoidance transactions.” The Tax Court concludes as follows: “I do not see any extending the scope of paragraph 95(2)(l) of the Act. No, had there been any avoidance transactions the Appellant would not ... Read more
US vs Pacific management Group, August 2018, US Tax Court Case, Memo 2018-131

US vs Pacific management Group, August 2018, US Tax Court Case, Memo 2018-131

This case concerned a tax scheme where taxable income was eliminated using factoring and management fees to shift profits. The Tax Court held that the scheme was in essence an attempt to eliminate the taxes. Factoring and management fees were not deductible expenses but rather disguised distributions of corporate profits and generally currently taxable to the individual shareholders as constructive dividends or as income improperly assigned to the corporations. In the TC Memo interesting views on the arm’s length nature of factoring and management fees is elaborated upon. TC memo 2018-131 US vs Pacific management Group 20aug 2018 TC memo 2018-131 ... Read more
Zimbabwe vs CF (Pvt), January 2018, High Court, Case No HH 99-18

Zimbabwe vs CF (Pvt), January 2018, High Court, Case No HH 99-18

CF (Pvt) Ltd’s main business was import, distribution and marketing of motor vehicles and spare parts of a specified brand. Following an audit CF had been issued a tax assessment related to the transfer pricing and VAT – import prices, management fees, audit costs etc. Judgement of the High Court The High Court issued a decision predominantly in favor of the tax authorities. In its judgement, the court stated that either the general deduction provision under section 15 (2) or section 24 or section 98 of the Income Tax Act could be employed to deal with transfer pricing matters. Excerpts: “It seems to me that the unsupported persistent assertions maintained by the appellant even after the concession of 14 November 2014 were indicative of both corporate moral dishonesty and a lack of good faith. I therefore find that the appellant through the mind of its management evinced the intention to evade the payment of the correct amount of tax as contemplated ... Read more
Bulgaria vs "B-Production", August 2017, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 10185

Bulgaria vs “B-Production”, August 2017, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 10185

“B-Production” is a subsidiary in a US multinational group and engaged in production and sales. “B-Production” pays services fees and royalties to its US parent. Following an audit, the tax authorities issued an assessment where deductions for these costs had been reduced which in turn resulted in additional taxabel income. An appeal was filed by “B-Production” with the Administrative court which in a judgement of June 2015 was rejected. An appeal was then filed by “B-Production” with the Supreme Administrative Court. In the appeal “B-Production” contested the findings of the Administrative Court that there was a hidden distribution of profits by means of the payment of management fees and duplication (overlapping) of the services at issue under the management contract and the other two agreements between the B-Production and the parent company. B-Production further argued that the evidence in the case refutes the conclusions in the tax assessment and the contested decision that the services rendered did not confer an ... Read more

TPG2017 Chapter VII paragraph 7.18

The fact that a payment was made to an associated enterprise for purported services can be useful in determining whether services were in fact provided, but the mere description of a payment as, for example, “management fees” should not be expected to be treated as prima facie evidence that such services have been rendered. At the same time, the absence of payments or contractual agreements does not automatically lead to the conclusion that no intra-group services have been rendered ... Read more
India vs Herbalife International India , April 2017, Income Tax Appellate Tribunal - Bangalore, IT(TP)A No.924/Bang/2012

India vs Herbalife International India , April 2017, Income Tax Appellate Tribunal – Bangalore, IT(TP)A No.924/Bang/2012

Herbalife International India is a subsidiary of HLI Inc., USA. It is engaged in the business of dealing in weight management, food and dietary supplements and personal care products. The return of income for the assessment year 2006-07 was filed declaring Nil income. The Indian company had paid royalties and management fees to its US parent and sought to justify the consideration paid to be at arm’s length. In the transfer pricing documentation the Transactional Net Margin Method (TNMM) had been selected as the most appropriate method for the purpose of bench marking the transactions. The case was selected for scrutiny by the tax authorities and following an audit, deductions for administrative services were denied and royalty payments were reduced. Disagreeing with the assessment Herbalife filed an appeal. Decision of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal The Tax Appellate Tribunal dismissed the appeal of Herbalife and upheld the tax assessment. Excerpts “The appellant had not filed any additional evidences to prove ... Read more
New Zealand vs Honk Land Trustee Limited, 10 March 2017, Court of Appeal

New Zealand vs Honk Land Trustee Limited, 10 March 2017, Court of Appeal

The Court of Appeal upheld decisions of the High Court confirming the Commissioner of Inland Revenue’s disallowance of a $1,116,000 management fee for income tax purposes. The Court of Appeal dismissed Honk Land Trustees Limited’s (“HLT”) appeal on the following alternative grounds: (1) there was no satisfactory evidence to show that management services were in fact provided; (2) there was no sufficient nexus shown; and (3) in the event the management fees were deductible, they were nevertheless part of a void tax avoidance arrangement. Additionally, the Court of Appeal agreed that the Commissioner was entitled to impose abusive tax position shortfall penalties. NewZealand vs Honk-Land-Trustees-Limited-v-Commissioner-of-Inland-Revenue ... Read more
Slovakia vs Coca-Cola s.r.o., April 2015, Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic No. 2Sžf/76/2014

Slovakia vs Coca-Cola s.r.o., April 2015, Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic No. 2Sžf/76/2014

At issue was deductions of management fees paid by a Coca-Cola s.r.o. – a Slovakian subsidiary of the Coca-Cola group – to Coca Cola Management Services GmbH & Co. AG. in Switzerland. The assessment sas issued by the tax authorities based on the OECD Guidelines on Transfer Pricing for Multinational Enterprises and Tax Administration, which according to the tax authorities was a generally accepted supplementary interpretative tool to Art. 9 of the Treaty on the avoidance of double taxation within the meaning of the Vienna Convention on contract law. Documents and information submitted in the course of a tax inspection showed that in addition to the fee for the provision of management services, Coca-Cola s.r.o. also paid for the provision of employment services and IT services. In total, payments for provision of services in 2005 was € 1,463,385.46. In regards to MTC article 9 and application of the OECD Transfer pricing guidelines in Slovakia the Supreme Court stated: “… the ... Read more
Indonesia vs Cussons Indonesia, July 2014, Tax Court, Put.53966/2014

Indonesia vs Cussons Indonesia, July 2014, Tax Court, Put.53966/2014

The tax authorities had disallowed royalty payments of 3% of net sales from Cussons Indonesia to its parent company in the UK, PZ Cussons International Ltd. According to the tax authorities Cussons had been unable to prove that the payment was at arm’s-length, as well as unable to provide transfer pricing documentation supporting the pricing. Cussons claimed that the royalty payments was supported with documents such as a royalty agreement, documentation for VAT payments, and withholding tax on royalty. Judgement of the Tax Court The court decided in favour of Cussons and set aside the assessment of the tax authorities Click here for translation putusan_put-53966_pp_m.ivb_15_2014_20210530 (1) ... Read more

April 2013: Draft Handbook on Transfer Pricing Risk Assessment

The 2013 Draft Handbook on Transfer Pricing Risk Assessment is a detailed, practical resource that countries can follow in developing their own risk assessment approaches. The handbook supplements useful materials already available with respect to transfer pricing risk assessment. The OECD Forum on Tax Administration published a report entitled “Dealing Effectively with the Challenges of Transfer Pricing” in January 2012. One chapter of that report also addresses transfer pricing risk assessment. Draft-Handbook-TP-Risk-Assessment-ENG ... Read more
Indonesia vs "Asian Agri Group", December 2012, Supreme Court, Case No. 2239 K/PID.SUS/2012

Indonesia vs “Asian Agri Group”, December 2012, Supreme Court, Case No. 2239 K/PID.SUS/2012

This case is about extensive tax evasion set up by the tax manager of the Asian Agri Group. According to the tax authorities income from export sales had been manipulated. Products were sent directly to the end buyer, whereas the invoices recorded that the products were first sold to companies in Hong Kong and then sold to a company in Macau or the British Virgin Islands before they were finally sold to the end buyer. The intermediary companies were proven to have been used only for the purpose of lowering the taxable income by under-invoicing the sales prices compared to the sales price to the end buyer. Various fees had also been deducted from the companies income to further lower the tax payment. These included a “Jakarta fee”, a Hedging fee and a Management fee. Judgement of the Supreme Court The court ruled that the tax manager was guilty of submitting an incorrect or incomplete tax return. On that basis ... Read more
Germany vs "Spedition Gmbh", December 2012, Federal Tax Court 11.10.2012, I R 75/11

Germany vs “Spedition Gmbh”, December 2012, Federal Tax Court 11.10.2012, I R 75/11

Spedition Gmbh entered a written agreement – at year-end – to pay management fees to its Dutch parent for services received during the year. The legal question was the relationship between arm’s-length principle as included in double tax treaties and the norms for income assessments in German tax law. The assessment of the tax office claiming a hidden distribution of profits because of the “retrospective” effect of the written agreement, was rejected by the Court. According to the Court the double tax treaty provisions bases the arm’s length standard on amount, rather than on the reason for, or documentation, of a transaction. Click here for English translation Click here for other translation Germany-vs-Corp-October-2012-BUNDESFINANZHOF-Urteil-IR-75-11- ... Read more
France vs. BOUTIQUE 2M, July 1988, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 50020

France vs. BOUTIQUE 2M, July 1988, Supreme Administrative Court, Case No 50020

If the assessment of the abnormal nature of a management act poses a question of law, it is, as a general rule, up to the administration to establish the facts on which it bases itself to invoke this abnormal nature. However, this principle can only be applied in compliance with the legislative and regulatory provisions governing the burden of proof in tax litigation. The determination of the burden of proof stems mainly, in the case of companies subject to corporation tax, from the nature of the accounting operations to which the management acts challenged by the administration gave rise. If the act contested by the administration has resulted, in the accounts, in an entry relating, as is the case here, to travel expenses, to charges of the nature of those referred to in Article 39 of the same Code and which are deducted from the net profit defined in Article 38 of the Code, the administration must be deemed to ... Read more