Category: Transfer Pricing News

Transfer pricing news have recent information on disputes and settelments, hearings and investigations, and developments in guidelines and approaches to transfer pricing issues.

OECD releases new 2022 edition of the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines

OECD releases new 2022 edition of the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines

Today, the OECD releases the 2022 edition of the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and Tax Administrations. The OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines provide guidance on the application of the “arm’s length principle”, which represents the international consensus on the valuation, for income tax purposes, of cross-border transactions between associated enterprises. In today’s economy where multinational enterprises play an increasingly prominent role, transfer pricing continues to be high on the agenda of tax administrations and taxpayers alike. Governments need to ensure that the taxable profits of MNEs are not artificially shifted out of their jurisdiction and that the tax base reported by MNEs in their country reflects the economic activity undertaken therein and taxpayers need clear guidance on the proper application of the arm’s length principle. This latest edition consolidates into a single publication the changes to the 2017 edition of the Transfer Pricing ... Continue to full case
Finnish TP-Legislation updated to include non-recognition and recharacterisation

Finnish TP-Legislation updated to include non-recognition and recharacterisation

Effective as of 1. January 2022 Finnish Transfer Pricing legislation has been updated to align the rules with the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines in regards to non-recognition and recharacterisation. Going forward the arm’s length provision in the Tax Procedure Act, section 31, will include the possibility for non-recognition and recharacterisation which according to Finnish Case Law has not been possible under the previous wording of the provision. Case NameDescriptionDateCountriesKeywords Unofficial Translation of New Finnish Transfer Pricing Legislation on Non recognition and Recharacterisation in Section 31 of the Tax Procedure Act ... Continue to full case
EU directive on minimum effective tax rate - implementation of OECD Pillar II

EU directive on minimum effective tax rate – implementation of OECD Pillar II

The European Commission has proposed a Directive ensuring a minimum effective tax rate for the global activities of large multinational groups. The proposal delivers on the EU’s pledge to move extremely swiftly and be among the first to implement the recent historic global tax reform agreement, which aims to bring fairness, transparency and stability to the international corporate tax framework. The proposed directive follows closely the international agreement and sets out how the principles of the 15% effective tax rate – agreed by 137 countries – will be applied in practice within the EU. It includes a common set of rules on how to calculate this effective tax rate, so that it is properly and consistently applied across the EU. The proposed rules will apply to any large group, both domestic and international, with a parent company or a subsidiary situated in an EU Member ... Continue to full case
OECD releases Pillar Two model rules - Global Minimum Tax of 15%

OECD releases Pillar Two model rules – Global Minimum Tax of 15%

The OECD has published detailed rules to assist in the implementation of a landmark reform to the international tax system, which will ensure Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) will be subject to a minimum 15% tax rate from 2023. The Pillar Two model rules provide governments a precise template for taking forward the two-pillar solution to address the tax challenges arising from digitalisation and globalisation of the economy agreed in October 2021 by 137 countries and jurisdictions under the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on BEPS. The rules define the scope and set out the mechanism for the so-called Global Anti-Base Erosion (GloBE) rules under Pillar Two, which will introduce a global minimum corporate tax rate set at 15%. The minimum tax will apply to MNEs with revenue above EUR 750 million and is estimated to generate around USD 150 billion in additional global tax revenues annually. The GloBE ... Continue to full case
ResMed Inc has entered a $381.7 million tax settlement agreement with the Australian Tax Office

ResMed Inc has entered a $381.7 million tax settlement agreement with the Australian Tax Office

ResMed – a world-leading digital health company – in an October 2021 publication of results for the first quarter of FY 2022, informs that a $381.7 million tax settlement agreement has been entered with the Australian Tax Office. The dispute concerns the years 2009 through 2018, in which the ATO alleged that ResMed should have paid additional Australian taxes on income derived from the company’s Singapore operations. Excerpts from the announcement “Operating cash flow for the quarter was negative $65.7 million and was impacted by a payment to the Australian Tax Office of $284.8 million, which was the settlement amount of $381.7 million net of prior remittances.” “During the quarter, concluded the settlement agreement with the Australian Taxation Office (“ATO”), which fully resolves the transfer pricing dispute for all prior years since 2009. ResMed previously recognized a tax reserve in êscal year 2021 in anticipation ... Continue to full case
Amgen in $3.6 billion transfer pricing dispute with the IRS

Amgen in $3.6 billion transfer pricing dispute with the IRS

Amgen, in a note to its financial statement for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021, disclosed that it has been issued tax assessments of approximately $3.6b plus interest for tax years 2010, 2011 and 2012 by the IRS. Proposed adjustments for FY 2013, 2014 and 2015 has also been issued.  The dispute relates to the allocation of profits between Amgen group entities in the United States and the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico. According to the note, Amgen has filed a petition in the U.S. Tax Court to contest the assessments. 4. Income taxes The effective tax rates for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, were 16.8% and 12.6%, respectively, compared with 11.2% and 10.4%, respectively, for the corresponding periods of the prior year. The increase in our effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, was primarily due to the ... Continue to full case
Pandora Papers - a new leak of financial records

Pandora Papers – a new leak of financial records

A new huge leak of financial records revealed by ICIJ, once again shows widespread use of offshore accounts, shell companies and trusts to hide wealth and/or avoid taxes. The new leak is known as the Pandora Papers and follows other recent leaks – lux leak, panama papers, paradise papers. The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists obtained 11.9 million confidential documents from 14 separate legal and financial services firms, which the group said offered “a sweeping look at an industry that helps the world’s ultrawealthy, powerful government officials and other elites conceal trillions of dollars from tax authorities, prosecutors and others.” “The key players in the system include elite institutions – multinational banks, law firms and accounting practices – headquartered in the U.S. and Europe.” The Consortium said the 2.94 terabytes of financial and legal data shows the “offshore money machine operates in every corner of ... Continue to full case
OECD deal on taxation of MNEs - Global Minimum Tax of 15%

OECD deal on taxation of MNEs – Global Minimum Tax of 15%

Major reform of the international tax system finalised today at the OECD will ensure that Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) will be subject to a minimum 15% tax rate from 2023. The landmark deal, agreed by 136 countries and jurisdictions representing more than 90% of global GDP, will also reallocate more than USD 125 billion of profits from around 100 of the world’s largest and most profitable MNEs to countries worldwide, ensuring that these firms pay a fair share of tax wherever they operate and generate profits. Following years of intensive negotiations to bring the international tax system into the 21st century, 136 jurisdictions (out of the 140 members of the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on BEPS) joined the Statement on the Two-Pillar Solution to Address the Tax Challenges Arising from the Digitalisation of the Economy. It updates and finalises a July political agreement by members of the Inclusive Framework to ... Continue to full case
ATO and Singtel in Court over Intra-company Financing Arrangement

ATO and Singtel in Court over Intra-company Financing Arrangement

In 2001, Singtel, through its wholly owned Australian subsidiary, Singapore Telecom Australia Investments Pty Limited (Singtel Au), acquired the majority of the shares in Cable & Wireless Optus for $17.2 billion. The tax consequences of this acqusition was decided by the Federal Court in Cable & Wireless Australia & Pacific Holding BV (in liquiatie) v Commissioner of Taxation [2017] FCAFC 71. Cable & Wireless argued that part of the price paid under a share buy-back was not dividends and that withholding tax should therefor be refunded. The ATO and the Court disagreed. ATO and Singtel is now in a new dispute  – this time over tax consequences associated with the intra-group financing of the takeover. This case was heard in the Federal Court in August 2021. At issue is a tax assessments for FY 2011, 2012 and 2013 resulting in additional taxes in an amount ... Continue to full case
Perrigo has settled its €1.6 billion tax bill with the Irish Revenue for €297 million

Perrigo has settled its €1.6 billion tax bill with the Irish Revenue for €297 million

Pharmaceutical group Perrigo has settled a €1.6 billion case with the Irish Revenue Commissioners for €297 million. Perrigo was issued a tax assessment in 2018. The assessment related to Perrigo’s tax treatment of income generated by the sale of the rights to Tysabri – a drug for the treatement of multiple sclerosis. The tax authorities held that proceeds form the sale of these rights – more than $ billion – was a capital transaction taxed at a rate of 33%, while Perrigo had treated the proceeds as trading income taxed at the standard rate of 12.5%. In November 2020 Perrigo lost the case at the Irish High Court. Following the settlement Perrigo issued an announcement “While the Company believes that its tax position was correct and would ultimately have been confirmed by the Tax Appeals Commission, given the risks inherent in any litigation, as well ... Continue to full case
OECD releases statement on support of the two pillar tax plan - joined by 130 countries

OECD releases statement on support of the two pillar tax plan – joined by 130 countries

A OECD statement has been issued where 130 countries and jurisdictions have agreed to join and support the two pillar plan. A small group of 9 countries have not yet joined the Statement. “The two-pillar package aims to ensure that large Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) pay tax where they operate and earn profits, while adding much-needed certainty and stability to the international tax system. Pillar One will ensure a fairer distribution of profits and taxing rights among countries with respect to the largest MNEs, including digital companies. It would re-allocate some taxing rights over MNEs from their home countries to the markets where they have business activities and earn profits, regardless of whether firms have a physical presence there. Pillar Two seeks to put a floor on competition over corporate income tax, through the introduction of a global minimum corporate tax rate that countries can use ... Continue to full case
G7 Support for OECD's proposal on a Global Tax Reform - Pillar I and II

G7 Support for OECD’s proposal on a Global Tax Reform – Pillar I and II

The G7 has agreed to back an international agreement on global tax reforms aimed at ending the reign of tax havens and have big international companies start paying their fair share of taxes. Under Pillar One of the reform, multinationals will be required to pay tax in the countries where they sell there products – and not just where they have their headquarters. The rules would apply to largest global firms with at least a 10% profit margin – and would see 20% of profit above the 10% margin reallocated and taxed in market countries. Under Pillar Two, a global minimum tax of 15% will be applied on corporate income on a country by country basis, creating a more level playing field.  – The G7 comprises of US, UK, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and Japan. EU and the heads of the IMF, World Bank Group, OECD ... Continue to full case
Paraguay's TP Decree in effect as of April 2021

Paraguay’s TP Decree in effect as of April 2021

Paraguay’s new Transfer Pricing Decree in effect as of April 2021. Click here for English Translation Decreto N° 4644-2020 ... Continue to full case
US Senate Committee request records related to tax schemes involving Caterpillar and Renaissance Technologies

US Senate Committee request records related to tax schemes involving Caterpillar and Renaissance Technologies

In a letter dated 28. April 2021 the US Senate Committee on Finance has request records related to tax schemes involving Caterpillar and Renaissance Technologies. “In 2015, Caterpillar disclosed that a federal grand jury in Illinois had begun investigating an alleged tax scheme involving the company’s Swiss subsidiary. This investigation led to raids by federal agents on three different Caterpillar offices in March 2017. 4 Days after the raids, Caterpillar announced it retained Mr. Barr “to take a fresh look at Caterpillar’s disputes with the government, get all the facts, and then help us bring these matters to proper resolution based on the merits.” Since January 2018, the IRS has sought to recover $2.3 billion in unpaid taxes and penalties from Caterpillar in connection with the alleged tax practices. Alarmingly, just six days after Mr. Barr was nominated to serve as Attorney General, an inspector ... Continue to full case
UN releases New 2021 Practical Manual on Transfer Pricing

UN releases New 2021 Practical Manual on Transfer Pricing

On 27 February 2021 UN released a new 2021 Practical Manual on Transfer Pricing. “…this third edition of the Manual makes improvements in usability and practical relevance, updates and improves the existing text, including on Country Practices (Part D) and has new content, in particular, on financial transactions, profit splits, centralized procurement functions and comparability issues. Improved capacity development based on the Manual has encouraged and contextualized developing country feedback, helped identify these priority areas for improvement and contributed to better targeting the messages in the Manual and examples used.” The changes in the new edition of the Manual include: • A revised format and a rearrangement of some parts of the Manual for clarity and ease of understanding, including a reorganization into four parts as follows: – Part A relates to transfer pricing in a global environment; – Part B contains guidance on design ... Continue to full case
Bristol-Myers Squibb in Dispute with IRS over "Abusive Offshore Scheme"

Bristol-Myers Squibb in Dispute with IRS over “Abusive Offshore Scheme”

According to the IRS, Bristol-Myers Squibb reduces its U.S. taxes by holding valuable intangibles in an Irish subsidiary. In a legal analysis, the IRS concluded that the Irish scheme saves Bristol-Myers Squibb up to $1.38 billion in US taxes. From Bristol-Myers Squibb’s 2019 10-K form, “Note 7. Income Taxes” “BMS is currently under examination by a number of tax authorities which have proposed or are considering proposing material adjustments to tax positions for issues such as transfer pricing, certain tax credits and the deductibility of certain expenses. It is reasonably possible that new issues will be raised by tax authorities which may require adjustments to the amount of unrecognized tax benefits; however, an estimate of such adjustments cannot reasonably be made at this time. It is also reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits at December 31, 2019 could decrease in the ... Continue to full case
Airbnb under examination by the Internal Revenue Service for 2013 and 2016

Airbnb under examination by the Internal Revenue Service for 2013 and 2016

Airbnb is under examination by the Internal Revenue Service for its income taxes in 2013 and 2016, according to the company’s December 2020 SEC filing. According to the filing a draft notice of adjustment from the IRS proposes that the company owes an additional $1.35 billion in taxes plus interest and penalties for the years in question. The assessment is related to valuation of its intellectual property that was transferred to a subsidiary in FY 2013. Airbnb then had had two subsidiaries outside the United States – Airbnb International Holdings Ltd and Airbnb International Unlimited Co – both resident for tax purposes in tax haven Jersey. The company plans to fight a potential adjustment. “We disagree with the proposed adjustment and intend to vigorously contest it,” “If the IRS prevails in the assessment of additional tax due based on its position and such tax and related ... Continue to full case

Mining Company Oyu Tolgoi LLC receives a second Tax Assessment from the Mongolian Tax Authority

The Oyu Tolgoi copper-gold mine is a joint venture between Turquoise Hill Resources (which is 50.8 per cent owned by Rio Tinto), and the Mongolian Government. The Mongolian government has not been satisfied by the result of the joint venture and has concerns that increasing development costs of the Oyu Tolgoi project has eroded the economic benefits it anticipated receiving. “It is calculated that Mongolia will not receive dividend payments until 2051 and will incur debts of US$22 billion,” said Mongolia’s deputy chief cabinet secretary, Solongoo Bayarsaikhan. “In addition, Oyu Tolgoi is estimated to pay profit taxes or corporate income taxes only in four years until 2051.” The Mongolian authorities has put forward proposals to coordinate and lower management services received from Rio Tinto and increase Mongolia’s benefits by reducing shareholder loan interest rates. On December 23, 2020 the Mongolian Tax Authority issued a press ... Continue to full case
Diageo - British multinational beverage and alcohol group - is facing various tax challenges

Diageo – British multinational beverage and alcohol group – is facing various tax challenges

Diageo (British multinational beverage and alcohol group – owner of numerus brands including Jonny Walker, Captain Morgan, Gordons Gin, Smirnoff and Guinness) is facing difficult tax challenges according to the group’s August 2020 SEC-filings. During 2017 Diageo was in discussions with UK tax authorities to seek clarity on Diageo’s transfer pricing and related issues, and in the first half of the year ending 30 June 2018 a preliminary assessment for diverted profits tax notice was issued. Final charging notices were issued in August 2017 and Diageo paid £107 million in respect of the two years ended 30 June 2016.  In June 2018 an agreement was reached with UK tax authorities that diverted profits tax does not apply the Diageo and at the same time a resolution was reached on the transfer pricing issues being discussed. The agreement in respect of transfer pricing covers the period ... Continue to full case
OECD Guidance on the transfer pricing implications of the COVID-19 pandemic

OECD Guidance on the transfer pricing implications of the COVID-19 pandemic

Unique economic conditions arising from COVID-19 and government responses to the pandemic have led to practical challenges for the application of the arm’s length principle. For taxpayers applying transfer pricing rules for the financial years impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and for tax administrations that will be evaluating this application, there is an urgent need to address these practical questions. The OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and Tax Administrations 2017 (“OECD TPG”) are intended to help tax administrations and multinational enterprises (“MNEs”) find mutually satisfactory solutions to transfer pricing cases and should continue to be relied upon when performing a transfer pricing analysis, including under the possibly unique circumstances introduced by the pandemic. Accordingly, guidance have been issued focusing on how the arm’s length principle and the OECD TPG apply to issues that may arise or be exacerbated in the context of the ... Continue to full case